World History : Empires in China and India

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Empires In China And India

The Warring States Period of Chinese history ushered in the brief reign of the __________.

Possible Answers:

Xia Dynasty

None of these

Shang Dynasty

Qin Dynasty

Correct answer:

Qin Dynasty

Explanation:

The Warring States Period of Chinese history lasted from 476 BCE until 221 BCE. It was a period of disorder and civil conflict in China as various states rose and declined in a long-standing struggle for power. The 250 years of conflict came to an end in 221 BCE with the conquests of the Qin and the establishment of the short-lived Qin Dynasty under Qin Shi Huangdi.

Example Question #2 : Empires In China And India

Under which Chinese dynasty was Confucianism born? 

Possible Answers:

Qing Dynasty

Qin Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

Zhou Dynasty

Han Dynasty

Correct answer:

Zhou Dynasty

Explanation:

The Zhou period (c.1050-256 BCE) was a time when ancient China saw fundamental scholars emerge, like Confucius and Laozi. Confucian doctrine is based on unity of self and the universe, and the unity of man and the heavens. The "Five Constants" characterize Confucianism, which are: Benevolence, Justice, Rites, Knowledge, Integrity. 

Example Question #3 : Empires In China And India

The largest land empire in the history of the world was held by which of the following?

Possible Answers:

The Roman Empire

The Mongol Empire

The Yuan Dynasty

The Indus River Valley civilization

The Persian Empire

Correct answer:

The Mongol Empire

Explanation:

The largest land empire in the history of the world was held by the Mongol Empire, so they would be the best answer. The Yuan dynasty was founded by one of Genghis Khan's grandchildren and was only a portion of the larger Mongol Empire, so that would not be the best choice. The Indus River Valley civilization was one of the earliest known civilizations but did not occupy a large amount of land, so that would not be the best answer. The Roman Empire did not ever extend into Asia, so they would not be a good answer here. And the Persian Empire was large, but it was not nearly the geographic size of the Mongol Empire, so it would not be the best choice.

Example Question #4 : Empires In China And India

The philosophical and historical concept used to justify and explain the rise and fall of dynasties in China was called which of the following?

Possible Answers:

The Eightfold Path

Manifest Destiny

None of these

The Mandate of Heaven

The Magna Carta

Correct answer:

The Mandate of Heaven

Explanation:

The Magna Carta was the document that established a constitutional monarchy in England, so that would not be a good answer here. Manifest Destiny was a concept used in 19th century America to justify the expansion of the United States, so that would not be a good choice for this question. The Eightfold Path is the teachings of the Buddha as they relate to achieving enlightenment and it did not have a strong impact on Chinese cultural narratives, so that would not be the best choice. The Mandate of Heaven was a term that began to be used around 1000 BCE and continued on for centuries to justify the rule of various emperors and dynasties, so that would be the best answer.

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