World History : 20th century transitions away from Feudalism

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : 20th Century Transitions Away From Feudalism

Who was the last Tsar of Russia?

Possible Answers:

Nicholas III

Nicholas II

Peter the Great

Rasputin

Correct answer:

Nicholas II

Explanation:

Tsar Nicholas II of Russia ruled in the two decades preceding World War I. During World War I, the increasingly worsening state of the country created a revolution, resulting in his overthrow and eventual execution by the Bolsheviks.

Example Question #2 : 20th Century Transitions Away From Feudalism

Who was the first leader of the USSR?

Possible Answers:

Josef Stalin

Mikhail Gorbachev

None of these

Vladimir Lenin

Correct answer:

Vladimir Lenin

Explanation:

Vladimir Lenin was the leader of the Bolsheviks that ushered in the Russian revolution and subsequently formed the USSR in 1922. Stalin led the state from 1924-1953, and Gorbachev from 1985-1991. The USSR was disbanded the day after Gorbachev left office.

Example Question #3 : 20th Century Transitions Away From Feudalism

Which of the following did NOT lead to the decline of Shogunate feudalism in Japan in the 19th and 20th centuries?

Possible Answers:

Widespread civil unrest, especially among Japan's poorest

A Pacific tour by the U.S. Navy in the mid-19th century

A revolution spurred on by highly-educated aristocrats

The decline of Neo-Confucian belief

Trade routes with Europe, leading to cultural exchange

Correct answer:

A revolution spurred on by highly-educated aristocrats

Explanation:

The feudal state in Japan, known as the Shogunate, placed warriors and religious leaders at the top of the social order, farmers in the middle, and merchants at the bottom. Like nobles in feudal Europe, warriors (or Shoguns) maintained power by hoarding wealth and employing peasants. Later on, however, the Shogunate failed to address external pressures from Europe and America, who regularly used larger military power to bully Japan into trade deals while exporting western notions of government to Japan's people. The Shogunate quickly lost the support of workers and the ruling class alike, causing the feudal system to deteriorate beginning in the 19th century.

Example Question #4 : 20th Century Transitions Away From Feudalism

Which technological advancement is credited with mobilizing lower classes as a political force in the early 20th century?

Possible Answers:

Expansions in mass communication technology like newspaper and radio allowed for mobilization

Advancements in agricultural technology made it easier for poor families to sustain a large number of children per household

Aeronautical inventions like the airplane are credited as capturing the public imagination

None of these

Antibiotics made workers less likely to die from injuries sustained on the job, granting broader political leverage

Correct answer:

Expansions in mass communication technology like newspaper and radio allowed for mobilization

Explanation:

Mass media was used to spread Marxist and nationalist revolutions in the 20th century, both of which relied heavily on mobilization of the working class. This was made possible in part by the fact that, by 1900, more people were literate across the globe than ever before. Because of mass media phenomena like journalistic muckrakers, public outrage led to better working conditions in low-paying jobs and, in some nations, full political revolutions.

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