TOEIC : Nouns

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for TOEIC

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Nouns

A man walked into the bar, placed his straw hat on the chair next to him, flapped his tattered pants with a long, tapered finger, and cooly observed the dining hall. He removed from his billfold seven hundreds, placed them on the counter and asked for a telephone, saying he just needed to make a quick _______________.

Possible Answers:

vacation

jumprope

call

trip

Correct answer:

call

Explanation:

Here, a "call" is a thing made with a phone, not the direct verb of the clause. The context that is important here is the phone. "Call" is the only noun listed that is related to a telephone.

Example Question #2 : Nouns

Choose the word that correctly completes the sentence.

Your brother, I am sorry to say, did not pass his driver's ___________. 

Possible Answers:

experiment

estimation

attempt

exam

Correct answer:

exam

Explanation:

The correct answer is "exam." We know from the sentence that the subject was trying to pass something but failed. The nouns "experiment" and "estimation" are not things that can be passed. An "attempt" is a try, and although the subject did try to pass the exam, he was not successful. The best answer is "exam."

Example Question #3 : Nouns

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

A tray of plates came crashing down, causing a _____________ in the quiet restaurant.

Possible Answers:

break

separation

disruption 

tranquility

Correct answer:

disruption 

Explanation:

The best choice is "disruption;" a word meaning a disturbance or commotion, which is what would occur if someone dropped plates in a quiet restaurant. "Tranquility," meaning an environment of calm, is the opposite of what would happen. "Separation" is a state of being moved apart, as is "break," so both of these choices do not make sense in this sentence. The best choice is "disruption."

Example Question #4 : Nouns

Noon came and went, and stlll, by Jean-Paul's estimates, they were only about half-way done their climb. Their __________ was slower than they'd hoped. 

Possible Answers:

progression

progresses 

progress

progressed

progressing 

Correct answer:

progress

Explanation:

The possessive pronoun their indicates that a noun is needed, so the only two options are progress and progression. Progression is a noun describing the act of progressing, whereas progress (when used as a noun and not a verb) can be used to measure space or distance.  

Example Question #5 : Nouns

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

____________ have to go to school for many years to get their degrees.

Possible Answers:

Doctors

Doctor

Nurse

Teacher

Correct answer:

Doctors

Explanation:

The correct answer is "Doctors." This sentence requires a plural noun to agree with the plural pronoun "their" later in the sentence. The other answer choices are all singular, which is why the only answer choice that fits grammatically is "doctors."

Example Question #6 : Nouns

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

His dirty __________ were on the floor by the front door. 

Possible Answers:

shoes

shoe

backpack

shirt

Correct answer:

shoes

Explanation:

The correct answer is "shoes." This answer is correct because it is plural. We know that we need a plural subject because it has to agree with the plural verb, "were." "Shirt," "shoe," and "backpack" are all singular, so they do not agree with the plural verb "were." That is why the best choice is "shoes."

Example Question #7 : Nouns

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

The ___________ had to wash his shirt after spilling coffee all over it. 

Possible Answers:

man

women 

woman

men

Correct answer:

man

Explanation:

The correct answer is "man." We know that we need a singular noun, and also a male because the sentence states "his shirt." The subject of the sentence must agree with the pronoun. Since the other options are plural and/or feminine, they are incorrect.

Example Question #8 : Nouns

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

The ________ were in the backyard. 

Possible Answers:

dog

cat

kid

cats

Correct answer:

cats

Explanation:

The correct answer is "cats." This is a plural noun, and we know we need a plural noun because of the plural verb "were." The other options are singular, so they would be incorrect if inserted into this sentence. Therefore, the best choice is "cats."

Example Question #9 : Nouns

Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

___________ have to wear traditional uniforms. 

Possible Answers:

Teacher

Sailors 

Worker

Army

Correct answer:

Sailors 

Explanation:

The correct answer is "sailors." We know this is the correct answer because it is a plural noun. The subject of the sentence has to be plural because the verb "have to wear" is in plural form. The other options are singular, so they would be grammatically incorrect in this sentence. The best choice is "sailors."

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