# TOEIC : Logic-based completions based on a passage

## Example Questions

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### Example Question #1 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

At three o’clock precisely I was at Baker Street, but Holmes had not yet returned. The landlady ____________ me that he had left the house shortly after eight o’clock in the morning. I sat down beside the fire, however, with the intention of awaiting him, however long he might be.

Adapted from The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1892)

The landlady ____________ me that he had left the house shortly after eight o’clock in the morning.

informed

informing

inform

informed

Explanation:

The correct answer is "informed." This is because the sentence uses the past tense, and so the verb must also be in past tense. Neither "inform" nor "informing" are in past tense. The word "asked" is in past tense, but it does not make sense in this sentence, since the landlady is giving the speaker information, not asking him a question.

### Example Question #2 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

Without a map, it was hard to _________ the best route to take.

differentiate

deviate

diminish

define

determine

determine

Explanation:

Without a map, it's hard to figure out which route to take. The word that best replaces "figure out" is determine.

Though define and determine are close in meaning, to define something means to establish its definition or meaning, while determine means more to reach a conclusion or make a choice.

### Example Question #3 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

Jean-Paul was a mountain guide; his _________ were useful to the group.

exasperate

essence

expertise

expert

expertness

expertise

Explanation:

Expertise is a plural noun meaning skills or knowledge. It is the only choice that fits both grammatically and logically.

### Example Question #4 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

It was a tough hike that would take the whole day. They needed to be sure they had enough __________

prerequisites

percocets

possibilities

provisions

provisos

provisions

Explanation:

Both the difficulty and duration of the hike indicate that the group will need to have supplies with them. Used as a noun, provisions is a synonym for supplies.

Though the word looks similar, proviso has a very different meaning: it denotes a modification or clause in a contract.

Though prerequisite also connotes preparation, it means a specific qualification one needs to have in order to be allowed to enrol in something. For example, you might say that a specific wilderness safety training course was a prerequisite to join a hiking group.

### Example Question #5 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

They planned to __________ the mountain before 2:00pm in order to leave themselves plenty of time to hike back down.

descend

submit

summit

diminish

surfeit

summit

Explanation:

Used as a verb, to summit means to reach the top of something. Because the second half of the sentence lets you know the group is going back down the mountain, this is the only answer that fits.

### Example Question #6 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

There were cougars on the mountain. Jean-Paul stressed the importance of remaining _________

vigilante

vacuous

vivacious

vigilant

virile

vigilant

Explanation:

Vigilant is an adjective meaning aware and attentive; vigilante is a noun meaning someone who takes the law into their own hands (like most comic book superheroes, for example).

### Example Question #7 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

There was a fork in the hiking trail; the group stopped at the point where the trail __________

disreputed

diverged

divulged

dividended

disrupted

diverged

Explanation:

From the first sentence, you know there is a fork in the road. To diverge means to extend in different directions. Although the other words sound similar, none of them has a similar meaning.

### Example Question #8 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

As the day wore on and the apex of the mountain seemed no closer, the group began to feel ___________ about their prospects of getting back to camp before dark.

erroneous

imperial

anxious

impervious

anxious

Explanation:

There are only two options that convey emotional states: anxious means worried and is therefore the right choice. The only other emotional state on this list, impervious, means impenetrable.

### Example Question #9 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

__________ his years of experience climbing mountains, Jean-Paul was unsure which path was the right one.

Thither

Because

Heretofore

Despite

Respite

Despite

Explanation:

There is a conflict in the sentence between Jean-Paul's uncertainty and his experience. The word despite is the only way to maintain that tension logically.

### Example Question #10 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

Over many years working in the mountains, Jean-Paul had developed instinctive survival skills. When the cougar leapt out of the woods, his reflexes were swift and ___________

automaton

automobile

automat

auto

automatic

automatic

Explanation:

The word instinctive in the first sentence is the first clue to helping you fill in the blank. The structure of the sentence, too, should also indicate that the word you're looking for is an adjective. Automatic is the only option that fits.

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