"The primary aim of yesterday's session with the student was to help her review material and suggest strategies for her AP United States Government and Politics exam this coming Tuesday. A prior issue that we initially discussed was whether she should take the AP exam at all, considering that she took the course last fall, and might need to spend a significant amount of time brushing up for the exam - time that she could otherwise spend studying for her final exams in her present courses. Thus part of my task was to assess the extent to which she has retained information she learned last fall, and the amount of studying she'd need to devote to the AP exam in order to make taking it worth her time. She quickly and correctly answered several practice questions of varying degrees of difficulty (I timed her as she answered these questions), so I believe that she could be prepared for the AP exam with some refresher studying, rather than with intensive studying. In order to ensure that this is correct, I recommended that she read back over her notes from the course and then try taking a practice exam in order to gauge her familiarity with the material. I further recommended that she and her mother determine what sort of course credit the university would grant her for a good performance on the exam, since it is possible that the potential gains of taking the exam would not be worth the cost of dividing her time with even just refresher studying. Having made my recommendations regarding this issue, I moved on to discussing the structure of the AP US Government and Politics exam, and score maximization strategies. Given the structure of the exam, I recommended, among other strategies, that she implement a system of symbolic annotations on the exam itself in order to keep track of the difficulty of each question, so that she could spend most of her time answering the questions she is likeliest to answer correctly. I also cleared up some issues about the scoring of the exam, including the fact that answering a question incorrectly does not reduce one's score (hence she should answer every question), and the fact that points are distributed in certain characteristic ways across the components of free response questions. I drew her attention to the significance of certain keywords in the free response prompts, and in particular what they signal about the sort of response that graders are looking for. These latter illustrations were facilitated by having her respond to a free response question regarding the Supreme Court's Citizen's United decision. Finally, I recommended a broad study strategy for her, one which conduces to the limited time she has, in the event that she decides to take the AP exam."