SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Measurement

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Measurement

Speedometer is to speed as . . .

Possible Answers:

ice is to iceberg

smell is to nose

odometer is to distance

echolocation is to bat

binoculars are to sight

Correct answer:

odometer is to distance

Explanation:

Since a speedometer measures speed, we're looking for an answer choice in which the first word measures what the second word represents. While "binoculars are to sight" might seem like a good answer, because binoculars are a device that enhance your sight, it doesn't represent the "measuring device is to measured quantity" relationship that we're looking for.  "Odometer is to distance," however, does represent that relationship, as an odometer measures distance, so "odometer is to distance" is the right answer.

Example Question #2 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Clock is to time as __________.

Possible Answers:

degree is to temperature

volume is to gram

length is to ruler

odometer is to distance

meter is to yard

Correct answer:

odometer is to distance

Explanation:

The best choice is "odometer is to distance." The relationship between "clock" and "time" is that a clock measures time. Likewise, an odometer is a device in a car which measures distance traveled. Considering the other options, "length is to ruler" is the only other choice with the correct relationship, but it is not in the right order as it is worded what is being measured to measuring device instead of measuring device to what is being measured as it is in the question. "Meter is to yard" is incorrect because a meter and a yard are both two different units that measure length. "Degree is to temperature" is incorrect because a degree is a unit of measurement for temperature (not a device that measures temperature) and temperature is the thing being measured. "Volume is to gram" cannot be correct as volume is what is being measured while a gram is a unit of measurement (albeit the incorrect one for volume).

Example Question #3 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Grotto is to cavern as gorge is to __________.

Possible Answers:

ocean

hill

mountain

clod

canyon

Correct answer:

canyon

Explanation:

A grotto is a small cave, often an artificial one and a cavern is a large cave or part of a cave, so the comparison between the two terms is one of size. We thus need to pick out an answer choice that represents something that could be thought of as a very large ditch. Since a gorge is a narrow valley with a stream at the bottom, "canyon," which means a deep gorge, is the best answer, because just like a cavern can be thought of as a very large grotto, a canyon can be thought of as a large gorge.

Example Question #4 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Metropolis is to village as ocean is to __________.

Possible Answers:

nautical

whale

storm

sailboat

puddle

Correct answer:

puddle

Explanation:

A “metropolis” is defined as a large city, while a “village” is a small settlement in the countryside. A metropolis is a large-scale version of a village, and we need to pick out an answer choice that describes something of which the larger-scale version would be an ocean. While “puddle” and “storm” might each look like a potentially correct answer because like an ocean, they both involve water, a larger-scale storm would not be an ocean, so “storm” cannot be the correct answer. One could think of a large-scale puddle as an ocean however, as both are bodies of water, so “puddle” is the correct answer.

Example Question #5 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Colon is to sphere as semicolon is to __________.

Possible Answers:

hemisphere

arc

period

circle

semicircle

Correct answer:

hemisphere

Explanation:

A semicolon is "half" of a colon, and a hemisphere is half of a sphere. 

Example Question #6 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Rivulet is to river as hamlet is to __________.

Possible Answers:

forest 

wall

town 

mountain 

ocean 

Correct answer:

town 

Explanation:

A rivulet is a small river, so to solve this analogy you have to determine which of the answer choices is a larger version of a hamlet. A hamlet is a small town so the correct answer is “town.”

Example Question #7 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Pittance is to money as tidbit is to __________.

Possible Answers:

intellectual capability

computing power 

effort 

material possessions

information 

Correct answer:

information 

Explanation:

A pittance is a very small amount of money, so to solve this analogy you have to determine what a tidbit is a small amount of. A tidbit is used to describe a small piece of gossip or information.

Example Question #8 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Radius is to diameter as quadrant is to __________.

Possible Answers:

half

perimeter

four

area

circumference

Correct answer:

half

Explanation:

The diameter of a circle is twice the size of the radius. A quadrant refers to a one-fourth section of something, so twice one-fourth is a half. 

Example Question #9 : Measurement

Stopwatch is to time as yardstick is to __________.

Possible Answers:

inches

distance

border

construction

yards

Correct answer:

distance

Explanation:

A "stopwatch" is the device that is used to measure the time that is taken for a given event. For example, a coach or physical education instructor will use a stopwatch to clock the time taken to run a race. Thus, the analogy could be represented as, “Just as a stopwatch measures time, so a yardstick measures X.” Note that the options “yards” and “inches” are not as appropriate as “distance.” If the first half of the analogy had used (e.g.) “seconds” instead of “time,” those other options would be more acceptable. However, as things stand, the analogy indicates the general type of measure done by the device (time and distance respectively).

Example Question #10 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Viscosity is to __________ as luminosity is to brightness.

Possible Answers:

thickness

toughness

saltiness

heaviness

loudness

Correct answer:

thickness

Explanation:

"Luminosity" is how bright something is, a measure of "brightness." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine what it is that "viscosity" measures. Well, "viscosity" is a measure of how thick something is, a measure of "thickness."

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