SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Antonyms

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #331 : Analogies

 

Fortune is to pittance as excess is to . . . 

Possible Answers:

constant

decline

paucity

surfeit

overabundance

Correct answer:

paucity

Explanation:

Since a fortune is a lot of money and a pittance is "a very small or inadequate amount of money paid to someone as an allowance or wage," "fortune" and "pittance" are opposites, and we need to pick out a word that is an opposite of "excess." Since "excess" means "an amount of something that is more than necessary, permitted, or desirable," we should pick out a word that has to do with not having enough of something. While "paucity" and "decline" may both look like correct answers, decline is a verb, so it can't be the correct answer, as we need a noun. Since "paucity" means "the presence of something only in small or insufficient quantities or amounts; scarcity," "paucity" is the answer choice that is closest to being an antonym of "excess," so "paucity" is the correct answer.

Example Question #332 : Analogies

Ebullience is to lassitude as __________.

Possible Answers:

portentous is to ominous

farmland is to crop

verdant is to plant

ennui is to interest

autumn is to winter

Correct answer:

ennui is to interest

Explanation:

"Ebullience" is a noun that means "the quality of being cheerful and full of energy; exuberance," and "lassitude" is a noun that means "a state of physical or mental weariness; lack of energy." Since the two words are antonyms, we need to pick out another pair of words that are also opposites. Since "ennui" means "a feeling of listlessness and dissatisfaction arising from a lack of occupation or excitement," "interest" is its opposite. Since "ennui is to interest" is the only answer choice whose words are antonyms, "ennui is to interest" is the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Antonyms

Precarious is to stable as lithe is to __________.

Possible Answers:

careful

rickety

clumsy

blithe

likable

Correct answer:

clumsy

Explanation:

Something that is precarious is not stable, and someone who is not lithe is clumsy. 

Example Question #2 : Antonyms

STOIC : EMOTIONAL

Possible Answers:

crying : depressed

amiable : riveting

silent : noisy

punctual : rude

argumentative : contentious 

Correct answer:

silent : noisy

Explanation:

Stoic means not showing one's feelings or not complaining. Emotional means showing very strong feelings. Stoic is the opposite of emotional. Silent is the opposite of noisy. Thus, the two sets of words have the same relationship.  

Example Question #3 : Antonyms

Trivial is to significant as self-aggrandizing is to __________.

Possible Answers:

lethargic

determined 

boastful 

modest 

disgraceful 

Correct answer:

modest 

Explanation:

Trivial is an adjective that describes an event of little importance. This is an antonym of significant so to solve this analogy you need to determine the best available antonym for self-aggrandizing. Self-aggrandizing refers to the act of exaggerating one’s own importance therefore an acceptable antonym would be modest. Modest means humble. For clarification boastful is an antonym of modest; lethargic means very tired.

Example Question #4 : Antonyms

Sardonic is to genuine as amiable is to __________.

Possible Answers:

foolish 

friendly 

remorseful

dislikable 

worldly 

Correct answer:

dislikable 

Explanation:

Sardonic refers to behavior or expression that is disdainful, mocking and cynical. This is an antonym of genuine so to solve this analogy you are looking for the best available antonym for amiable. Amiable means friendly, likable and pleasant so the best answer choice is dislikable. For clarification foolish means not wise; remorseful means expressing regret; worldly means well-informed or knowledgeable.

Example Question #337 : Analogies

Comely is to repulsive as miserable is to __________.

Possible Answers:

ecstatic

depressed 

wishful 

well-informed 

serene

Correct answer:

ecstatic

Explanation:

Comely is an adjective that means cute or good-looking. This is an antonym of repulsive which means disgusting; therefore to complete the second part of the analogy you are required to find the best possible antonym for miserable. Miserable means very sad. The correct answer is ecstatic which means very happy.

Example Question #338 : Analogies

Hyperbolic is to understated as intangible is to __________.

Possible Answers:

recalcitrant

degrading 

implicit 

nonsensical 

palpable 

Correct answer:

palpable 

Explanation:

Hyperbolic is an adjective which describes language or behavior that is exaggerated or over-the-top. Understated has the opposite meaning so to solve this analogy you need to find which answer choice is the best antonym for intangible. Intangible means lacking material qualities, hard to define or incapable of being perceived. The best antonym for this is palpable, which means able to be felt or so intense it is almost able to be felt. For clarification, degrading means making someone feel humiliated; implicit means something not stated, but nonetheless understood; recalcitrant means resistant to authority; nonsensical means ridiculous.

Example Question #339 : Analogies

Superhero is to nemesis as __________.

Possible Answers:

hero is to villain

ally is to friend

mentor is to teach

student is to homework

comedy is to slapstick

Correct answer:

hero is to villain

Explanation:

“Nemesis” is a noun that can mean either “the inescapable agent of someone’s or something’s downfall” or “a long-standing rival; an archenemy.” So, a superhero and a nemesis form a pair of rivals, and we need to pick out an answer choice that also consists of two nouns which form a pair of rivals. While “ally is to friend” and “competitor is to rival” might each look like a potential correct answer, “ally” is a synonym of “friend,” so the two words cannot represent a pair of rivals and “ally is to friend” cannot be the correct answer. “Hero” and “villain,” however, do form a pair of rivals like “superhero” and “nemesis,” so “hero is to villain” is the correct answer.

Example Question #340 : Analogies

History is to future as __________.

Possible Answers:

yesterday is to tomorrow

recite is to memorize

clock is to hands

plans are to memories

present is to past

Correct answer:

yesterday is to tomorrow

Explanation:

“History” is a noun associated with time that has passed, while “future” is a noun associated with time that is yet to pass. So, we need to pick out a pair of nouns in which the first noun is associated with the past and the second noun is associated with the future. While “present is to past” and “yesterday is to tomorrow” might each look like a potentially correct answer, “present” is not associated with the past and “past” is not associated with the future, so “present is to past” cannot be the correct answer. “Yesterday,” however, is a noun associated with the past, while “tomorrow” is a noun associated with the future, so “yesterday is to tomorrow” is the correct answer.

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