SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Analogies: Suffixes from Latin

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Analogies: Suffixes From Latin

Complete this analogy.

Anglophile is to English as Francophile is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Scottish 

German 

Welsh 

Spanish 

French 

Correct answer:

French 

Explanation:

An Anglophile is someone who loves English culture and people, so to solve this analogy you have to determine which nationality is loved by a Francophile. The prefix Franco- often means of or relating to France, so a Francophile is someone who loves French culture and people. For clarification, the suffix –phile means lover of.

Example Question #2 : Analogies: Suffixes From Latin

Complete this analogy.

Acrophobia is to heights as claustrophobia is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Being American 

Being introspective 

Being successful

Being confined 

Being ignorant 

Correct answer:

Being confined 

Explanation:

Acrophobia, as you will have learned from the inclusion of the suffix –phobia, is the fear of heights; therefore, in order to solve this analogy you have to determine what claustrophobia is the fear of. It is a commonly expressed fear or discomfort expressed in everyday life, so you likely already know that claustrophobia is the fear of being confined or tapped.

Example Question #3 : Analogies: Suffixes From Latin

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Cacophony is to music as war is to __________.

Possible Answers:

battle

peace

conflict

general 

soldier

Correct answer:

peace

Explanation:

The Latin root "phony" means sound, so you can infer that a "cacophony" is a type of sound. Specifically, "cacophony" means a loud, displeasing noise, so it is an antonym of "music." Therefore, the correct answer will be the opposite of "war," which is "peace."

Example Question #4 : Analogies: Suffixes From Latin

Complete this analogy.

Positive is to utopia as negative is to _________.

Possible Answers:

dystopia 

myriad 

postmodern

divine 

ephemeral 

Correct answer:

dystopia 

Explanation:

A utopia is a perfect hypothetical society, so to solve this analog you have to figure out which of these answer choices is a negative representation of a hypothetical society. The correct answer, as you might have guessed from the matching suffixes, is “dystopia.” For clarification, "myriad" means countless; "postmodern" is a school of thinking defined by deconstruction; "ephemeral" means short-lived; and "divine" means of or relating to (a) god(s) or goddess(es).

Example Question #5 : Analogies: Suffixes From Latin

Complete this analogy.

Man is to biped as dog is to __________.

Possible Answers:

pentode 

quadriceps

quadruped

tripod 

triped 

Correct answer:

quadruped

Explanation:

A biped is a two-legged animal and a human is an example of that, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine which of these answer choices a dog is an example of. Well, dogs have four legs, so the answer will likely contain the prefix "quad­-," which means four, and the suffix "-ped­," which means relating to feet or legs. The correct answer is therefore “quadruped.”

Example Question #6 : Analogies: Suffixes From Latin

Complete this analogy.

Insecticide is to bug as deicide is to __________.

Possible Answers:

god

ten

two

decimal

tree

Correct answer:

god

Explanation:

The suffix "-cide" means to kill. An insecticide is a product that kills insects (bugs), and a deicide is something that kills deities (gods).

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