SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Tool and Use

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #8 : Tool/Use, User/Tool, Actor/Action, Product/Producer, And Subject/Object

Complete this analogy.

Small is to microscope as big is to ­__________.

Possible Answers:

astronomy 

garrulous 

telescope

huge 

macroscope 

Correct answer:

telescope

Explanation:

A "microscope" is a piece of machinery used to look at the small world, so to solve this analogy you have to identify the name of the machine used to look at the much larger world. The correct answer is “telescope.” The prefix, micro­-, means small, and the prefix, macro­-, means big; however in this instance you use the prefix, tele-, which means at a distance or far away. For clarification, "garrulous" means talkative.

Example Question #1 : Tool And Use

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Bed is to rest as car is to __________.

Possible Answers:

supplant

automobile

travel 

machine 

rescue 

Correct answer:

travel 

Explanation:

A bed is an object which is used to fulfill the action of resting. So, to solve this analogy you have to identify which of these answer choices is an action intended to be undertaken in a car. The correct answer is “travel.” For clarification, "automobile" means car, and "supplant" means to replace.

Example Question #12 : Tool/Use, User/Tool, Actor/Action, Product/Producer, And Subject/Object

Complete this analogy.

Shovel is to dug as paintbrush is to __________.

Possible Answers:

painting

paint

painter

painted

handle

Correct answer:

painted

Explanation:

One might use a shovel to dig something, and "dug" is the past tense of "dig," so we need to pick out a word that both a.) is a verb describing what someone might do with a paintbrush and b.) is in the past tense. While "paint," "painter," "painted" and "painting" may all seem like potentially correct answers, "paint" is either a noun or a present-tense verb, "painter" a noun meaning a person who paints, and "painting" a present progressive verb, so the only answer choice that fulfills both our requirements is "painted."

Example Question #2 : Tool And Use

Complete this analogy.

Table is to tablecloth as person is to __________.

Possible Answers:

box

ice

sail

quilt

air

Correct answer:

quilt

Explanation:

A tablecloth covers a table, so we need to pick out an answer choice that describes something that covers and protects a person. While “quilt” and “sail” might each look like a potentially correct answer, because each refers to a piece of cloth, a “sail” is specifically the piece of cloth that catches the wind on a sailboat and propels it and does not necessarily cover and protect a person. A “quilt,” however, is defined as a large sewn covering used on beds made up of many small pieces of cloth joined together over a layer of padding and a back layer of cloth. Just as a tablecloth covers a table, a quilt is made to cover a person, so “quilt” is the correct answer.

Example Question #3 : Tool And Use

Complete this analogy.

Phone is to communicate as car is to __________.

Possible Answers:

machine 

maintain 

technology 

travel 

automobile 

Correct answer:

travel 

Explanation:

A phone allows one to communicate, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine what it is that a car allows one to do. The correct answer is "travel." 

Example Question #4 : Tool And Use

Complete the analogy:

Toothbrush is to mouth as __________.

Possible Answers:

feather is to bird

as bat is to baseball

wire is to chain-link fence

comb is to hair

pen is to writer

Correct answer:

comb is to hair

Explanation:

We use "toothbrushes" in our "mouths." We use "combs" in our "hair." The relationship is tool to body part. None of the other analogies have this relationship.

Bats are used in baseball, but humans do not have baseballs as parts of their body. Chain-link fence is composed of wire, but neither word is related to a body part. Writers use pens but writers are not a body part. Feather is a body part of a bird, but bird is not a part of the human body.

Example Question #5 : Tool And Use

Complete this analogy.

Sword is to fencing as lance is to __________.

Possible Answers:

fishing

running

jousting

rowing

riding

Correct answer:

jousting

Explanation:

A sword is the weapon used in fencing, while a lance is the weapon used in the medieval sport of jousting. This analogy relates an implement to the fighting sport for which it is used. The rest of the options are, indeed, sports, but they are sports that do not require a lance.

Example Question #6 : Tool And Use

Complete this analogy.

Paper is to inscribe as __________ is to repose.

Possible Answers:

bed

car

office

school

yard

Correct answer:

bed

Explanation:

To "inscribe" means to write, to mark. So, one might use "paper" for the purposes of "inscribing." To solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is something one might use to "repose." Well, "repose" means rest, so the correct answer is "bed."

Example Question #7 : Tool And Use

Complete this analogy.

Preserve is to jar as mend is to __________.

Possible Answers:

door

furnace

glue

knife

window

Correct answer:

glue

Explanation:

To begin with "preserve" means save, keep intact for later use. So, one might use a "jar" to "preserve" something. What might one need to use in order to "mend" something? Well, "mend" means fix, repair, so the best possible answer is "glue."

Example Question #8 : Tool And Use

Complete this analogy.

Hinge is to join as jack is to __________.

Possible Answers:

crush

destroy

lift

mend

suspend

Correct answer:

lift

Explanation:

The function of a "hinge" is to join two pieces of something together. Its functionality is to "join" things. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine what the functionality of a "jack" is. The correct answer is to "lift" things. When you see someone raising the height of a car so they can change a flat tire, they are likely using a "jack." Additionally, "suspend" means pause, stop something until later.

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