SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Measurement

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Measurement

Complete this analogy

Single is to one as triple is to __________.

Possible Answers:

Five 

Alone 

Triplets 

Four

Three

Correct answer:

Three

Explanation:

Single means solitary, alone, or just the one. So, to solve this analogy, you have to determine which answer choice matches up in a similar manner with the word "triple." "Triple" means to increase three-fold or of or regarding three of something, so the correct answer is “three."

Example Question #2 : Measurement

Complete this analogy

Century is to hundred as millennium is to __________.

Possible Answers:

hundred

billion 

ten 

million 

thousand 

Correct answer:

thousand 

Explanation:

A century is one hundred years, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine how many years are in a millennium. Prefixes can help you solve this analogy, as "cent-" means one hundred and "mili-" means one thousand. There are one thousand years in a millenium, so the correct answer is one “thousand.”

Example Question #3 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Weigh is to weight as count is to __________.

Possible Answers:

quality

veracity

demolition

quantity

emotion

Correct answer:

quantity

Explanation:

“Weigh” is a verb that means determine the weight of something, while “weight” is a noun that means heaviness. One weighs someone or something to find out its weight, and we need to pick out an answer choice that describes what information one learns when one counts something. “Veracity,” which means truthfulness, “demolition,” a synonym of destruction, and “emotion” each have nothing to do with counting things, so none of those words can be the correct answer. While both “quantity” and “quality” might look like a potentially correct answer, “quality” means how excellent something is in comparison to other things, while “quantity” means the number of things in a group. So, because one counts something to determine its quantity just as one weighs something to determine its weight, “quantity” is the correct answer.

Example Question #4 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Time is to sundial as wind direction is to __________.

Possible Answers:

magnetic field

weathervane

ship

north

compass

Correct answer:

weathervane

Explanation:

Since a sundial measures time, we need to pick out an answer that represents a device that measures wind direction. While "compass" and "weathervane" may both look like correct answers because they both measure direction, only a weathervane specifically measures the direction in which the wind is blowing, so "weathervane" is the correct answer.

Example Question #5 : Measurement

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Circle is to sphere as square is to __________.

Possible Answers:

hue 

round 

rectangle 

triangle 

cube 

Correct answer:

cube 

Explanation:

If you make a circle three-dimensional, you get a sphere, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine what name is given to the shape that you get when you make a square three-dimensional. The correct answer is “cube.” For clarification, "round" describes something curved or spherical, and "hue" is another word for shade or color.

Example Question #6 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Ice cream is to scoop as grapes are to __________.

Possible Answers:

jam

vine

bunch

press

vineyard

Correct answer:

bunch

Explanation:

Ice cream is often served in scoops, so we need to pick out an answer choice that describes a unit in which grapes can be served. While “vine,” “press,” and “bunch” might each look like a potentially correct answer, only “bunch” describes a unit in which grapes are served. Because grapes can be served in bunches just like ice cream can be served in scoops, “bunch” is the correct answer.

Example Question #7 : Measurement

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Globe is to sphere as map is to __________.

Possible Answers:

lost 

cartographer

atlas 

rectangle 

continent

Correct answer:

rectangle 

Explanation:

A "globe" is in the shape of a "sphere," so to solve this analogy, you need to pick out the answer choice that describes what shape a "map" usually takes. Maps are usually flat and rectangular, so "rectangle" is the correct answer. Even if you were not sure what shape a map comes in, “rectangle” is the only answer choice that is a shape.

Example Question #8 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Fathometer is to __________ as thermometer is to temperature.

Possible Answers:

validity

acidity

width

length

depth

Correct answer:

depth

Explanation:

A "thermometer" is a device used to measure temperature. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine what a "fathometer" measures. The correct answer is that a "fathometer" is used to measure depth, especially the depth of water. A "fathom" is a unit of measurement for measuring the depth of water. Additionally, "validity" means how much truth there is in something; "acidity" means how acidic something is.

Example Question #9 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Decibel is to __________ as Fahrenheit is to temperature.

Possible Answers:

length

depth

loudness

width

energy

Correct answer:

loudness

Explanation:

"Fahrenheit" is a unit of measurement used to measure temperature. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is measured using "decibels." The correct answer is that "decibels" are used to measure how loud something is. Making the correct answer "loudness."

Example Question #10 : Measurement

Complete this analogy.

Fahrenheit is to temperature as __________ is to weight.

Possible Answers:

mile

meter

ounce

liter

Celsius

Correct answer:

ounce

Explanation:

"Fahrenheit" is a unit of measurement used to measure "temperature." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is a unit of measurement used to measure "weight." The correct answer is "ounce." Additionally, "meter" and "mile" are units of measurement used to measure length; "liter" is a unit of measurement used to measure liquid volume; "Celsius" is another unit of measurement used to measure "temperature," like "Fahrenheit."

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