# SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Action and Object Acted Upon

## Example Questions

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### Example Question #1 : Action And Object Acted Upon

Bake is to pie as sauté is to __________.

stew

soup

water

potato

ice cream

potato

Explanation:

One cooks a pie by baking it, so we need to pick out an answer choice that one might cook by sautéing. “Sauté,” when used as a verb, means “fry quickly in fat or grease,” so we can infer that only solid foods can be sautéed. So neither “soup” nor “stew,” or “water” can be the correct answer, because they either involve or are liquids. In choosing between “ice cream” and “potato,” one can infer that if one attempted to fry ice cream with a little hot fat, it would melt, so “potato” is the correct answer, because just as pies can be baked, potatoes can be sautéed.

### Example Question #2 : Action And Object Acted Upon

Complete this analogy.

Fire is to extinguish as flood is to __________.

water

drown

river

dam

burn

dam

Explanation:

"Extinguish" is an action you take to prevent or eliminate a fire, so to solve this analogy you have to determine which of these answer choices is an action you take when you need to prevent or eliminate a flood. The correct answer is “dam.” To "dam" something means to block or impede it.

### Example Question #788 : Analogies

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Money is to spend as food is to __________.

Absorb

Mock

Purify

Elicit

Consume

Consume

Explanation:

"Money" is an object and "spend" is an action involving the use of that object. Therefore, to solve this analogy, you have to determine which of the answer choices is an action related to the use of the object "food." The correct answer is “consume.” Consume means to eat or to take in. For clarification, "mock" means ridicule or make fun of, "purify" means make pure or clean, and "elicit" means to extract or to obtain.

### Example Question #3 : Action And Object Acted Upon

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Ship is to sail as plane is to ___________.

Pilot

Fly

Sink

Founder

Flew

Fly

Explanation:

One sails a ship, so to solve this analogy, you have to determine what action one can do to a plane to control the direction in which it goes. The correct answer is “fly.” Be wary of words in the incorrect tense, like "flew." For clarification, "founder" means sink and often refers to ships.

### Example Question #4 : Action And Object Acted Upon

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Quench is to thirst as satiate is to __________.

hunger

divide

ailment

sleep

poverty

hunger

Explanation:

If you “quench” your thirst, you use a liquid to stop or appease it. When you are full with food, you are “satiated," so “satiate” is related to "hunger" as "quench" is related to "thirst." An “ailment” is an illness, and "poverty" is the state of being very poor and having too few resources.

### Example Question #5 : Action And Object Acted Upon

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Mitigate is to dispute as alleviate is to __________.

meeting

performance

crisis

celebration

display

crisis

Explanation:

A "dispute" is a disagreement. To "mitigate" means to try and solve a disagreement between two or more parties. So, mitigate is an action taken when there is a dispute. To solve this analogy, you have to determine what situation is taking place if the action of alleviating occurs. "Alleviate" means to make better or to pacify, so it is an action that would be taken during a "crisis," a word which means emergency or disaster. So, "crisis" is the correct answer.

### Example Question #6 : Action And Object Acted Upon

Complete this analogy.

Swing is to bat as dribble is to __________.

baseball

kick

goal

plate

Explanation:

One uses a bat by swinging it, so we need to pick out an answer choice that conveys the object that one uses by dribbling it. While all of the answer choices might look like they could be potentially correct because each is a noun that relates to a sport, “dribble,” when used as a verb, can mean “to take a ball forward past opponents with slight touches,” usually when used to describe soccer, field hockey, and basketball. So, because “dribble” refers to how one might interact with a basketball, just as “swing” refers to how one might interact with a bat, “basketball” is the correct answer.

### Example Question #5 : Action And Object Acted Upon

Complete this analogy:

Chainsaw is to tree as __________.

school is to education

jackhammer is to cement

saw is to chair

axe is to lumberjack

factory is to car

jackhammer is to cement

Explanation:

A chainsaw is a tool primarily used to cut down or disassemble a tree. Similarly, a jackhammer is a tool primarily used to break (or disassemble) cement.

None of the other analogies have this relationship:

Lumberjacks use axes, an axe is not a tool used to disassemble a lumberjack. A lumberjack is the profession of cutting down trees for lumber.

School is the location where education takes place. The relationship between school and education is different than chainsaw to tree.

Factories produce cars. While cars may be disassembled at factories, factories are not specifically tools to disassemble cars.

A saw can disassemble a chair, however a saw's primary purpose is not disassembling chairs.

### Example Question #8 : Action And Object Acted Upon

Complete this analogy.

Inscribe is to book as __________ is to mural.

replicate

perform

paint

mend

demolish

paint

Explanation:

To begin with "inscribe" means write, so one "inscribes" a "book." What does one do to a "mural?" Well, a "mural" is a large painting usually on a wall or the side of a building. So, the correct answer is "paint." Additionally, "mend" means fix; "demolish" means destroy, tear down; "replicate" means copy, reproduce.

### Example Question #9 : Action And Object Acted Upon

Complete this analogy.

Annex is to land as __________ is to idea.

resume

plagiarize

maim

surmount

desist