SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : User to Tool or Tool to User

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : User To Tool Or Tool To User

Complete this analogy.

Mechanic is to wrench as farmer is to __________.

Possible Answers:

crops 

hammer 

agriculture 

drought

plow 

Correct answer:

plow 

Explanation:

A “wrench” is a tool used by a “mechanic,” so to solve this analogy, you need to determine which of these answer choices is a tool often used by a farmer. The correct answer is a “plow”; a “farmer” uses a “plow” to break up soil and allow seeds to be planted. It might be reasonable to assume that a farmer uses a “hammer” as well, but it is not anywhere near as closely associated with the profession of farming as a “plow” is. Other professions, like carpenters, might use hammers, but only farmers are associated with plows. To provide further help, another name for the profession of farming is “agriculture.” 

Example Question #1 : User To Tool Or Tool To User

Complete this analogy.

Airplane is to pilot as ship is to __________.

Possible Answers:

helm

teacher

captain

ocean

principal

Correct answer:

captain

Explanation:

Just as a pilot flies a plane, a captain steers a ship, so "captain" is the correct answer.

Example Question #2 : User To Tool Or Tool To User

Complete this analogy.

Hose is to firefighter as __________.

Possible Answers:

stethoscope is to meteorologist

frying pan is to doctor

easel is to artist

blueprint is to curator

plunger is to electrician

Correct answer:

easel is to artist

Explanation:

Since firefighters often use hoses while doing their job, we are looking for an answer in which the first word is an item that the occupation in the second word uses while working. The best answer choice is "easel is to artist," because artists often paint or sketch their creations on easels.

Example Question #4 : User To Tool Or Tool To User

Complete this analogy.

Artist is to brush as __________.

Possible Answers:

chef is to drum

dancer is to phone

surgeon is to scalpel

lawyer is to ball

soldier is to comb

Correct answer:

surgeon is to scalpel

Explanation:

The analogy in question relates a profession to a tool associated with that profession. "Lawyer is to ball," "soldier is to comb," "dancer is to phone," and "chef is to drum" do not represent the given relationship. Artists often uses paintbrushes just as surgeons use scalpels, so "surgeon is to scalpel" is the correct answer.

Example Question #3 : User To Tool Or Tool To User

Complete the analogy.

Wood is to carpenter as _____________.

Possible Answers:

book is to magazine

stone is to mason

banker is to teacher

shoe is to businessman

swimmer is to diver

Correct answer:

stone is to mason

Explanation:

A "carpenter" works with "wood," by definition, so the answer be a tool followed by its user. A mason similarly works with stone.

Example Question #6 : User To Tool Or Tool To User

Complete the analogy.

Electrician is to light bulb as _____________.

Possible Answers:

cup is to water

plumber is to toilet

taxi is to limousine

doctor is to nurse

book is to author

Correct answer:

plumber is to toilet

Explanation:

The key here is determining how the kind of person given relates to the given object. An "electrician" works with "light bulbs," or user to tool, so the answer must be a user and his tool. A "plumber" works with "toilets," so that must be the correct answer. None of the other answers describe a user-tool relationship. A "book" is a product made by an "author." A "cup" is a vessel for "water." "Nurses" are people, and thus cannot be a part of a user tool relationship.

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