SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : Synonyms

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "calamity" is . . .

Possible Answers:

terrible

shoddy

remainder

inhabit

catastrophe

Correct answer:

catastrophe

Explanation:

Since "calamity" is a noun that means "disaster," we need to find another noun that also means "disaster." While a calamity can be terrible, "terrible" does not mean the same thing as "calamity" does, so it can't be the answer. Two of the answer choices are nouns: "catastrophe" and "remainder." Since a "remainder" means "something that is left over" and "catastrophe" means "disaster," "catastrophe" is the right answer.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "delight" is . . .

Possible Answers:

happiness

face

joyful

frown

emotion

Correct answer:

happiness

Explanation:

Since "delight" is a noun that means "joy," we need to find another noun that also means "joy." While "joyful" might look like a good answer, "joyful" is an adjective, not a noun, so it can't be the answer. (A person can be joyful, but delight is a thing. We're looking for another thing, not a word that describes things.) Since "happiness" also means "joy," "happiness" is the correct answer.

Example Question #3 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Which word is a synonym for terror in the sentence above?

He was full of terror as he ran from the haunted house.

Possible Answers:

glee

None of the other answer choices

joy

horror

confidence

Correct answer:

horror

Explanation:

The words horror and terror allow the sentence to maintain a similar meaning.

Example Question #1 : Synonyms

Which is a synonym for the word desire?

His desire for ice cream intesified as they drove past the ice cream parlor. 

Possible Answers:

hatred

need

None of the other answer choices

repulsion

disgust

Correct answer:

need

Explanation:

The word need can be substitued into the original sentence to maintain it's meaning.

Example Question #5 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of "mimicry" is . . .

Possible Answers:

impersonation

dreariness

intelligence

individuality

wackiness

Correct answer:

impersonation

Explanation:

"Mimicry" is a noun that means "the action or art of imitating someone or something, typically in order to entertain or ridicule," so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like "the action or art of imitating someone or something." "Individuality," then, cannot be the correct answer, because "individuality" means "the quality or character of a particular person or thing that distinguishes them from others of the same kind, especially when strongly marked." That means that "individuality" is closer to being an antonym of "mimicry" than a synonym. "Impersonation," however, is a noun that means "an act of pretending to be another person for the purpose of entertainment or fraud," and because "impersonation" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "mimicry," "impersonation" is the correct answer.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms

A synonym of “suggestion” is __________.

Possible Answers:

luck

demand

emotion

idea

problem

Correct answer:

idea

Explanation:

“Suggestion” is a noun that means “something put forward for consideration,” so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like “idea.” That means that “demand” cannot be the correct answer, because “demand,” when used as a noun, means “an insistent request,” making it an antonym, not a synonym, of “suggestion.” “Idea,” however, is a noun that means “a thought or suggestion,” and because “idea” is the answer choice closest in meaning to “suggestion,” “idea” is the correct answer.

Example Question #7 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

A synonym of “dilemma” is . . .

Possible Answers:

difficulty

weakness

worry

decision

travel

Correct answer:

difficulty

Explanation:

“Dilemma” is a noun that means “a difficult situation or problem,” so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like “problem.” That means that “decision” cannot be the correct answer, because “decision” means “a conclusion or resolution reached after consideration,” a definition quite far in meaning from “dilemma.” “Difficulty,” however, is a noun that can mean “a thing that is hard to accomplish, deal with, or understand” or “a situation that is difficult or dangerous,” and because “difficulty” is the answer choice closest in meaning to “dilemma,” “difficulty” is the correct answer.

Example Question #8 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: choose the word that has the closest meaning to the word in question.

Distance

Possible Answers:

Length

Car

Tunnel

Opponent

Pounds

Correct answer:

Length

Explanation:

"Distance" means the full length of something; opponent is your competitor or rival; tunnel is usually an underground path in which cars pass through; a car is vehicle used for travel on land; and pounds is the unit for weight.

Example Question #9 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: choose the word closest in meaning to the word in question.

Resistance

Possible Answers:

Expedition

Opposition

Budget

Summary

Symbol

Correct answer:

Opposition

Explanation:

"Resistance" means opposition; expedition means journey; summary means a statement of the main points; a symbol represents something; and a budget is a financial plan.

Example Question #10 : Synonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

Synonyms: choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the word in question.

Value

Possible Answers:

Behavior

Area

Glove

Reward

Worth

Correct answer:

Worth

Explanation:

"Value" means cost or worth.

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