SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : Subject to Object or Object to Subject

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Subject To Object Or Object To Subject

Complete this analogy.

Teachers are to students as doctors are to __________

Possible Answers:

workers

helpers

medicines

patients

sick

Correct answer:

patients

Explanation:

Doctors work with patients just as teachers work with students, so "patients" is the correct answer.

Example Question #2 : Subject To Object Or Object To Subject

Complete this analogy.

Fan is to air as hose is to __________.

Possible Answers:

electricity

power

ice

water

handle

Correct answer:

water

Explanation:

A fan moves air by blowing it around, so you need to pick out an answer choice that describes what a hose moves. A hose moves water, so "water" is the correct answer. None of the other answer choices are things that are moved by hose, so none of them can be the correct answer.

Example Question #3 : Subject To Object Or Object To Subject

Complete this analogy.

Animal is to veterinarian as person is to __________.

Possible Answers:

hotel

banker

hospital

doctor

businessperson

Correct answer:

doctor

Explanation:

Since veterinarians help animals when they are sick or hurt, we need to pick out a word that represents an occupation whose practitioners help out people when they are sick or hurt. While both "doctor" and "hospital" may look like correct answers, "hospital" can't be the correct answer because it is the name of the place where people go when they are sick or hurt, and not the job title of the people who help them. "Doctor" is the correct answer because just like veterinarians help animals when they are injured, doctors help people when they are injured.

Example Question #4 : Subject To Object Or Object To Subject

Complete this analogy.

Firefighter is to fire as __________.

Possible Answers:

business is to businessperson

policewoman is to crime

doctor is to healthy

waiter is to food

librarian is to books

Correct answer:

policewoman is to crime

Explanation:

Since firefighters fight fires, we need to pick out another pair of words in which the first word is a job, and the second word is the thing that people who work that job try to stop. While "policeman," "librarian," "doctor," and "waiter" are all occupations, but "healthy" can't be the correct answer because it's an adjective, not a noun, and "librarian is to books" can't be correct either because a librarian doesn't try to stop books, he or she distributes them and helps people find them. Since a policewoman's job is to stop crime, just like a firefighter's job is to stop fires, "policewoman is to crime" is the correct answer.

Example Question #5 : Subject To Object Or Object To Subject

Complete this analogy.

Disinfect is to germs as __________ is to hair.

Possible Answers:

shave

unleash

suspend

delete

create

Correct answer:

shave

Explanation:

To "disinfect" means to make something clean, to rid something of "germs." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these words means to get rid of hair, to remove one's hair. The correct answer is "shave." Additionally, "delete" means remove, cancel, get rid of; "suspend" means pause, halt until later; "create" means make, come up with, invent; "unleash" means release, set loose.

Example Question #1 : Subject To Object Or Object To Subject

Complete this analogy.

Casino is to __________ as chapel is to pray.

Possible Answers:

religion

spiritual

church

gamble

illegal

Correct answer:

gamble

Explanation:

A "chapel" is a little church, it is a place where one might go to "pray." So, which of these is an activity that one might go to a "casino" to do? The correct answer is "gamble" which means bet, wager. Additionally, "illegal" means against the law, not legal; "spiritual" means religious, related to the soul.

Example Question #7 : Subject To Object Or Object To Subject

Complete this analogy.

Kitchen is to cook as bathroom is to __________.

Possible Answers:

sleep

eat

play

wash

fight

Correct answer:

wash

Explanation:

An action that one might do in the "kitchen" is "cook." So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these is an action one might do in the "bathroom." The correct answer is "wash."

Example Question #8 : Subject To Object Or Object To Subject

Complete this analogy.

Colleague is to work as combatant is to __________.

Possible Answers:

fight

try

study

sail

practice

Correct answer:

fight

Explanation:

To begin with the prefix co- means together, with. So, a "colleague" is someone you work with, two "colleagues" are two people who work together. Which of these is an action you might undertake with a "combatant?" The correct answer is that a "combatant" is someone you "fight" with.

Example Question #9 : Subject To Object Or Object To Subject

Complete this analogy.

Dehydrate is to __________ as deforest is to trees.

Possible Answers:

snow

plants

heat

water

animals

Correct answer:

water

Explanation:

To begin with the prefix de- means away from, take from. So, to "deforest" means to remove "trees." Which of these is removed when you "dehydrate" something? Well, the root -hydra- means related to water. So, to "dehydrate" is to remove water.

Example Question #10 : Subject To Object Or Object To Subject

Complete this analogy.

Janitor is to clean as mechanic is to __________.

Possible Answers:

cook

create

teach

protect

repair

Correct answer:

repair

Explanation:

A "janitor" is someone who cleans for a living. So, "clean" is an action that a "janitor" might undertake. Which of these is an action that a "mechanic" might undertake? Well, a "mechanic" is someone who fixes machines for a living. So, "repair" is the correct answer. "Repair" means fix, mend, make something no longer broken.

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