SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : Qualities and Features

Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Qualities And Features

The following questions requires that you find relationships between words. Select the answer that best matches the meaning of the sentence.

Voice is to loud as strike is to __________.

fast

high

hard

now

well

hard

Explanation:

A voice at its highest intesity is loud. A strike at its highest intensity is hard.

Example Question #1 : Qualities And Features

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Desert is to dry as mountain is to __________.

Hill

Tall

Rock

Little

Wet

Tall

Explanation:

A quality associated with a "desert" is that it is "dry," so to solve this analogy, you have to determine which answer choice is a quality generally associated with a "mountain." Mountains are generally “tall," so "tall" is the correct answer. None of the other answer choices are qualities that describe a mountain: a "hill" is a smaller land formation than a mountain, a mountain is made of "rock," a mountain is not usually thought of as being "little," and mountains are not usually assumed to be "wet."

Example Question #3 : Qualities And Features

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Blood is to red as grass is to __________.

Plant

Crimson

Blue

Color

Green

Green

Explanation:

The color of blood is red, so to solve the analogy, you need to pick out an adjective that describes the color of grass. Grass is green, so "green" is the correct answer. ("Crimson" is a dark shade of red.)

Example Question #2 : Qualities And Features

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Snow is to cold as water is to __________.

drink

warm

wet

ocean

rain

wet

Explanation:

A characteristic of snow is that it is cold, so to solve this analogy, you need to pick out an answer choice that describes water. A characteristic of water is that it is wet, so "wet" is the correct answer. While "warm" might look like a potentially correct answer because water can be warm, "wet" is the better answer because while water can be warm, it can also be cold, but it is always wet.

Example Question #5 : Qualities And Features

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Elephant is to big as chipmunk is to __________.

monkey

large

animal

bigger

small

small

Explanation:

A characteristic of an elephant is that it is big; conversely, a characteristic of a chipmunk is to be “small.”

Example Question #6 : Qualities And Features

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Fire is to hot as freezer is to __________.

storage

fridge

cold

food

burning

cold

Explanation:

A quality of a fire is that it is hot; on the other hand, a quality of a freezer is to be “cold.” To help you, "storage" is a place where things are stored, and "burning," when used as an adjective, means very hot or on fire.

Example Question #7 : Qualities And Features

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Priest is to religious as wizard is to __________.

genuine

magical

pious

fluffy

devout

magical

Explanation:

A characteristic usually associated with a priest is that priests are religious; a characteristic usually associated with a wizards are “magical.” To help you, "genuine" means real; and "pious" and "devout" are synonyms that both mean deeply religious.

Example Question #8 : Qualities And Features

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Circle is to round, as triangle is to __________.

linear

square

triangular

hexagonal

diamond

triangular

Explanation:

Just as a circle's shape is described as "round," a triangle's shape is defined as "triangular." So, "triangular" is the correct answer.

Example Question #3 : Qualities And Features

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Grass is to green as __________.

shine is to sheen

cloud is to rain

air is to white

night is to moon

water is to blue

water is to blue

Explanation:

Grass is usually green, just as water is usually blue, so "water is to blue" is the correct answer.

Example Question #10 : Qualities And Features

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Sandpaper is to coarse as __________.

hamburger is to eat

pillow is to hard

whale is to water

tree is to small

foam is to soft

foam is to soft

Explanation:

What do "sandpaper" and "coarse" have in common? "Coarse" means rough, and sandpaper is coarse, so look for an answer that matches this relationship. The best choice is "foam is to soft" because foam is soft. A pillow is not hard, and a tree is not necessarily small. You can eat a hamburger, but a hamburger is not "eat".

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