SSAT Elementary Level Verbal : Cause to Effect or Effect to Cause

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Elementary Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Cause To Effect Or Effect To Cause

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Smile is to happy as frown is to __________.

Possible Answers:

loud

joke

silence

sad

laugh

Correct answer:

sad

Explanation:

A "smile” is an expression we make when we are "happy," just as a "frown" is an expression we make when we are "sad."

Example Question #2 : Cause To Effect Or Effect To Cause

Analogies: Complete this analogy.

Anger is to yell as __________.

Possible Answers:

sorrow is to cry

happiness is to sleep

tiredness is to sing

frustration is to congratulate

joy is to sob

Correct answer:

sorrow is to cry

Explanation:

If you are feel anger towards at someone or something, you might yell at him, her, or it. So, to solve this analogy, you need to pick out an answer choice in which the first word is an emotion that might cause you to do the second word, an action verb. If you feel sorrow, you might cry, so "sorrow is to cry" is the correct answer.

Example Question #3 : Cause To Effect Or Effect To Cause

Complete this analogy.

Exhausted is to sleep as famished is to __________.

Possible Answers:

eat

run 

relax

laugh 

drink 

Correct answer:

eat

Explanation:

“Exhausted” means very tired, so when you are “exhausted” you need to “sleep." To solve this analogy, you need to figure out what it is that you need to do when you are “famished.” “Famished” means very hungry, so when you are “famished” you need to “eat.”

Example Question #4 : Cause To Effect Or Effect To Cause

Complete this analogy.

Sad is to frown as happy is to __________.

Possible Answers:

cry 

ecstatic

pout 

smile 

face

Correct answer:

smile 

Explanation:

When you are sad you frown, so to solve this analogy, you need to pick out an answer choice that describes what expression you make when you are happy. When you are happy, you smile, so "smile" is the correct answer. To help you, "ecstatic" means very happy.

Example Question #5 : Cause To Effect Or Effect To Cause

Complete this analogy.

Crisis is to disaster as hope is to __________.

Possible Answers:

optimism 

defeatism 

despair

longing 

pessimism 

Correct answer:

optimism 

Explanation:

A “crisis” is an unstable or crucial timea time in which an event reaches a critical phase, or a disaster. A “disaster” is an unstable event, so "disaster" is the correct answer. We could say a “crisis” can lead to a “disaster.” “Hope” is similar to “optimism” in that they are both positive ways of thinking; we could also say that “hope” can lead to “optimism.” “Pessimism” is the opposite of “optimism” and means a negative outlook. “Despair” is the opposite of "hope" as it means the state of being hopeless, or when used as a verb no longer have any hope. “Defeatism” is similar to “despair” as it is the mentality in which one is accepting of defeat. “Longing” is like "hope" in that it is a deep desire for something. To provide a little extra help, when two words have opposite meanings to one another, we call them “antonyms.”

Example Question #6 : Cause To Effect Or Effect To Cause

Complete this analogy.

Noise is to startle as __________.

Possible Answers:

toothbrush is to toothpaste

lullaby is to soothe

boot is to shoe

please is to gift

pirate is to treasure

Correct answer:

lullaby is to soothe

Explanation:

A noise might startle someone, as “startle” means “to cause a feeling of sudden alarm.” So, we need to pick out an answer choice in which the first word is a noun and the second word is a verb that describes what that noun might do to someone. While “please is to gift” and “lullaby is to soothe” might each look like a potentially correct answer, a please does not gift someone, so “please is to gift” cannot be the correct answer. A lullaby might soothe someone, however, as “lullaby” means “a quiet, gentle song sung to send a child to sleep” and “soothe” means “gently to calm someone.” So, because a noise might startle someone just as a lullaby might soothe someone, “lullaby is to soothe” is the correct answer.

Example Question #7 : Cause To Effect Or Effect To Cause

Complete this analogy.

Punch is to pain as embrace is to __________.

Possible Answers:

bewilderment

frustration

exhaustion

shame

comfort 

Correct answer:

comfort 

Explanation:

When you “punch” someone, you are likely to cause “pain,” so to solve this analogy, you need to determine what would likely be caused by “embracing” someone. To “embrace” means to hug, so you could reasonably infer that an “embrace” would be likely generate “comfort” for someone. To provide further help, “shame” means embarrassment.

Example Question #8 : Cause To Effect Or Effect To Cause

Complete this analogy.

Yawn is to tired as __________.

Possible Answers:

wooden is to floor

party is to cake

teeth are to mouth

soup is to spoon

smile is to happy

Correct answer:

smile is to happy

Explanation:

Someone who is tired may yawn, so we're looking for an answer where the first word describes an action someone might do if they currently feel the emotion the second word describes. If someone is happy, they might smile, just as if they are tired, they might yawn, so "smile is to happy" is the correct answer.

Example Question #9 : Cause To Effect Or Effect To Cause

Complete this analogy.

Rain is to wet as cold is to __________.

Possible Answers:

dry

frozen

dark

comfortable

sleepy

Correct answer:

frozen

Explanation:

When it rains, it causes things to become wet, so to solve this analogy, you have to figure out what the cold causes things to become. Well, the cold can cause liquids to freeze, so "frozen" is the correct answer, so this is the correct answer.

Example Question #10 : Cause To Effect Or Effect To Cause

Complete this analogy.

Swimming is to wet as running is to __________.

Possible Answers:

sprinting

tired

young

race

runner

Correct answer:

tired

Explanation:

If you go swimming you are likely to find yourself wet afterward, since swimming most often involves being in water. To solve this analogy, then, you have to determine which of these answer choices is an effect of going running; the correct answer is therefore "tired."

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