Sociology : Theories of Religion

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Theories Of Religion

Émile Durkheim postulated that religion exists in society in order for individuals to have a common set of beliefs and practices that results in social cohesion and the reaffirmation of societal bonds. This statement belongs to which of the following classifications of sociological religious theory?

Possible Answers:

Symbolic interactionist

Post-structuralist

Marxist 

Structural functionalist

Weberian 

Correct answer:

Structural functionalist

Explanation:

In this statement, Durkheim states that religion performs a function of bonding individuals together in a cohesive manner. In other words, religious beliefs provide individuals with a common ideal to ascribe to and in doing so they bond together socially. Structural functionalists assume that sociological phenomena such as religion occur because they perform an important function in society (i.e. bonding in this case). 

Example Question #2 : Theories Of Religion

The sensation that one is connected to the Divine is a __________.

Possible Answers:

religious belief

religious experience

religious ritual

none of the other answer choices

religious text

Correct answer:

religious experience

Explanation:

The sensation that one is connected to the Divine is a religious experience. Religious beliefs are specific ideas that members of a religious faith believe to be true. Religious text is a book or writing believed to be sacred to members of religious faith. Religious rituals are behaviors or actions required by members of a religious faith.

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