Sociology : The Self

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : The Self

What are the id, the ego, and the superego?

Possible Answers:

The id is the cultural norms and values internalized in a person, the superego is a person's basic drives, and the ego is what tries to balance these natural drives and societal values.

The id is the cultural norms and values internalized in a person, the ego is a person's basic drives, and the superego is what tries to balance these natural drives and societal values.

None of these

The id is a person's basic drives, the superego is the cultural norms and values internalized in a person, and the ego is what tries to balance these natural drives and societal values.

There is no difference between the terms, they all describe a person's innate personality.

Correct answer:

The id is a person's basic drives, the superego is the cultural norms and values internalized in a person, and the ego is what tries to balance these natural drives and societal values.

Explanation:

According to Freud's theory, the mind is divided into the id, the ego, and the superego. These three parts of the mind operate as a system of checks and balances between a person's more instinctual pleasure-seeking drives and the society in which they live. The id is in charge of the basic drives, the more animalistic pleasure seeking part of human beings. The superego is the part of the mind that has internalized things like cultural values and norms as a part of the person. The ego acts as a buffer between these and is a person's conscious effort to balance their pleasure seeking drives with the higher-level societal norms. The ego is the one part of the mind that a person really has control over as it is their conscious effort to satisfy the sometimes conflicting desires of the id and the superego.

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