Sociology : Social Movements

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Social Movements

What is the correct order of the four stages of social movement growth and development?

Possible Answers:

preliminary stage, coalescence stage, institutionalization stage, decline stage

decline stage, preliminary stage, coalescence stage, institutionalization stage

institutionalization stage, decline stage, coalescence stage, decline stage

preliminary stage, institutionalization stage, coalescence stage, decline stage

preliminary stage, institutionalization stage, decline stage, coalescence stage

Correct answer:

preliminary stage, coalescence stage, institutionalization stage, decline stage

Explanation:

The four stages of social movement development in order are: preliminary stage, coalescence stage, institutionalization stage, decline stage. In the preliminary stage, people begin to become aware of an issue and leaders begin to emerge. In the coalescence stage, people join together to raise awareness of an issue. In the institutionalization stage, groups become formalized often with paid staff and resources. In the decline stage, groups begin to weaken as people fall away.

Example Question #2 : Social Movements

Which of the following is a related to the collective action problem?

Possible Answers:

Geography curse

Natural resource curse

Free-rider problem

Authoritarianism

Correct answer:

Free-rider problem

Explanation:

The collective action problem describes the overall challenge that social movements face when attempting to mobilize groups of people. The free-rider problem is related to the collective action problem in that it describes how an individual may find it easier to "free ride" (in other words, reap the benefits collective action can bring without incurring the costs of participating) than to join collective action efforts. 

Example Question #3 : Social Movements

Which of the following best represents when political violence is most likely to occur?

Possible Answers:

Aggravated parties are not democratic

Aggravating parties have the resources and organization

Aggravated parties are poor and lack organization

Aggravated parties do not share the same ideology

Correct answer:

Aggravating parties have the resources and organization

Explanation:

According to resource mobilization theory, the use of political violence is costly on various fronts and therefore requires much in the disciplined organization and material resources. Without the resources and organization required it is extremely difficult for social movements to make the violence count for social change. 

Example Question #4 : Social Movements

A purposely organized group working for a shared social goal is a __________.

Possible Answers:

none of the other answer choices

social movement

crowd

public

flash mob

Correct answer:

social movement

Explanation:

A social movement is a purposely organized group working to a shared or common social goal. A public is an unorganized, diffuse group of people who share similar ideas. A flash mob is a group of people who come together to do a spontaneous activity that lasts for a short time. A crowd is a large group of people in close physical proximity.

Example Question #5 : Social Movements

Mother's Against Drunk Driving (MADD) is an example of which type of social movement?

Possible Answers:

none of the other answer choices

reform movement

resistance movements

religious movements

revolutionary Movement

Correct answer:

reform movement

Explanation:

Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) is a reform movement because they seek change one specific thing in society — drunk driving. Revolutionary movements seek to overthrow society by changing every aspect of it. Religious movements seek inner change or redemption of individuals. Resistance movements seek to resist or undue change in society.

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