Sociology : Qualitative

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Qualitative

Which of the following research methodologies is considered to be qualitative research?

Possible Answers:

Meta-analysis 

Census

Ethnography

Experiment

Survey 

Correct answer:

Ethnography

Explanation:

Sociological research can be broken down into two main categories: qualitative and quantitative. Quantitative research is characterized by empirical investigations that utilizes statistics, mathematica, or computer techniques to investigate sociological phenomena. It is systematic in nature and is utilized in experiments, surveys, censuses, and meta-analyses. On the other hand, qualitative research is referred to as exploratory research in which researchers investigate the underlying motivations or forces that affect social changes. In ethnographic research individuals often infiltrate a specific social group in order to gather data in the form of notes and observations. They can use this data to create theorizations about groups and propose explanations for social phenomena. 

Example Question #2 : Qualitative

Which of the following research methods are primarily qualitative?

Possible Answers:

Regressions

Mixed methods

Enthography

Content analysis

Correct answer:

Enthography

Explanation:

Out of the options, ethnography is the only research method that is definitely qualitative because it requires deep observation and reflection. Mixed methods imply a the use of both quantitative and qualitative methods, regressions use statistics, and content analysis can be either quantitative or qualitative.

Example Question #3 : Qualitative

What is the method of ethnography?

Possible Answers:

Study of how people become organized into particular groups

Firsthand study of people through experimental observation

General study of groups of people

Firsthand study of people using participant observation or interviewing

Firsthand study of people through covert observation

Correct answer:

Firsthand study of people using participant observation or interviewing

Explanation:

The answer is studying people through firsthand participant observation or interviewing because ethnography is a cultural frame of analysis in which the experimenter must understand the group or culture in the field that it takes place and through those people's point of view.

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