Sociology : Organizational Sociology

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Groups, Organizations, And Bureaucracies

What is democratic elitism?

Possible Answers:

Describes a democracy in which the upper class still controls most decisions

Describes the use of representatives in a large democracy, such as a senate or parliament

Theory that democratic participation in large society is and should limited to regular elections of political leaders

None of these

Describes the ideology that democracy is the best functioning social order

Correct answer:

Theory that democratic participation in large society is and should limited to regular elections of political leaders

Explanation:

Democratic elitism holds that democracy is limited in a large society, because in the end not everyone has an equal say. The theory of democratic elitism considers that the most power that the masses can and should have is the ability to regularly elect their representatives (thus, selecting the 'elite') to make the decisions for them, because the pluralist idea that everyone has a say is a folly and not truly realizable.

Example Question #1 : Organizational Sociology

The Iron Rule of Oligarchy states that __________.

Possible Answers:

large organizations are more likely to be ruled collectively than small organizations

all large organizations are ruled by elites 

all large organizations are ruled collectively

all organizations are ruled by elites

small organizations are more often ruled by elites than large organizations

Correct answer:

all large organizations are ruled by elites 

Explanation:

The Iron Law of Oligarchy states that all large organizations are ruled by elites. Small organizations can be ruled collectively, but most large organizations are hierarchical and are ruled by elites at the top.

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