Sociology : Group Sociology

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Group Sociology

Which of the following is best defined as an individual's tendency to perform less work in a group then they would when working alone?

Possible Answers:

Selfishness 

Social apathy

Social loafing

Social isolation 

Social lethargy 

Correct answer:

Social loafing

Explanation:

"Social loafing" is the term used to describe an individuals tendency to do less group in a group then they would do if they were working alone. This is caused by free-riders who assume that someone else will complete the work that must be done. It is further impacted by the tendency for individuals to lessen their efforts in response to free-riders. Social loafing is more prominent in larger groups where individuals may become just another face in the crowd and may not be subject to individualized responsibilities.

Example Question #2 : Group Sociology

What is the tendency of group members to conform and think within a narrow view of an issue?

Possible Answers:

Primary group

Groupthink

Caste system

In-group

None of these

Correct answer:

Groupthink

Explanation:

The only correct answer is groupthink because it means the tendency of a group to become narrow in their ideas for the sake of harmony, despite if they make faulty decisions. In-group means the group a person psychologically identifies as being a part of and can typically share similar ideas, primary group means a group where the people create strong and lasting relationships, and caste system is a system where people are born into their social standing and stay in that class their entire life.

Example Question #3 : Group Sociology

Define hegemony.

Possible Answers:

Social, cultural, economic, and/or ideological influence exerted by a dominant group

Ideology that entrusts the control of a group to the dominant members

The natural tendency of a group to become homogenous

None of these

The natural tendency of a group to become heterogenous in its ideas

Correct answer:

Social, cultural, economic, and/or ideological influence exerted by a dominant group

Explanation:

Hegemony is what happens when the ideology of a dominant group is able to influence the ideology of larger society. For instance, hegemony in the United States can be seen in the sociological focus on how the trade market and Wall Street are doing, despite there being other ways to measure the economy. Hegemony is not a conscious exertion of power of the dominant group to control others, but simply what happens when the interests and ideals of one group influence an entire society.

Example Question #4 : Group Sociology

Sociology is a discipline that examines nuances within a society.

Which of the following is most closely associated to the above statement regarding the definition of sociology?

Possible Answers:

Sociology is the study of human evolution

Sociology is the study of human intellect

Sociology is the study of human isolation

Sociology is the study of human individualism

Sociology is the study of human interaction

Correct answer:

Sociology is the study of human interaction

Explanation:

Sociology center on how humans interact with social settings. It is interested in the opposite of human isolation. Although a sociologist might be interested in how intellect can be impacted by society, it does not study human intellect as a neurologist or psychologist might. Individualism is contrary to a concept sociologists because they are interested in groups/societies. Evolution does not fall within the definition of what a sociologist would study.

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