Sociology : Gender

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Gender

What is the difference between sex and gender?

Possible Answers:

Sex and gender are synonymous

Sex is the societal distinction between male and female whereas gender is the biological distinction between male and female

People can identify on a fluidity of sex but not on gender

Sex is the biological distinction between male and female whereas gender is the societal distinction between male and female

None of these

Correct answer:

Sex is the biological distinction between male and female whereas gender is the societal distinction between male and female

Explanation:

Sex is simply the biological distinction between male and female bodies, such as whether or not there is a Y chromosome present, and what type of genitalia is present. Most people are of the male or female sex, except for those born with both types of genitalia or that have XXY chromosomes (who are intersex). Gender, however, is the behavior and societal roles assigned to and expected of male and female bodies and can be expressed differently across different people and cultures.

Example Question #2 : Gender

Gender socialization is an aspect of society that conveys specific patterns and expectations on how to be male or female within society.

Which of the following groups might be the first agent that shapes gender socialization?

Possible Answers:

Teachers

Peers

Coaches

Storybook characters

Media

Correct answer:

Storybook characters

Explanation:

Although all of these influence gender socialization, it is safe to assume a child is exposed to many storybooks prior to any other exposure. A child will be read to many times before they reach a teacher in school, have peers or have a coach. Children's books are filled with many gender stereotypes that lay the foundation for early gender socialization, which is why "storybook characters" is the correct answer.

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