Sociology : Forms of Stratification

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Social Stratification

Which of the following is a stratification system whereby a person's rights and rank in society is determined by his or her birth into a particular group?

Possible Answers:

Caste

Class

Estate

None of these

Slavery

Correct answer:

Caste

Explanation:

The caste system is a stratification system where a person's rights and rank in society is determined by birth into a particular group. Upward social mobility is not characteristic of this system, meaning that a person's caste cannot be upgraded throughout his or her life. The class system is based upon a persons achievement and ability to use their wealth and resources to reach a particular class that dominate society. Estate systems deal with primarily family wealth and possessions passed down from generation to generation due to the inheritance of estates. Last, slavery had an economic basis where a lower class of slavers were governed by a "master" with unlimited power. 

Example Question #2 : Social Stratification

Which sociologist believed that class was the central source of inequality?

Possible Answers:

Auguste Comte

Karl Marx

Max Weber

W.E.B. Du Bois

Correct answer:

Karl Marx

Explanation:

Karl Marx developed the theory of Marxism in which he argued that differences class was the root of all conflict and oppression. 

Example Question #3 : Forms Of Stratification

Which of the following defines social stratification?

Possible Answers:

Social isolation of people from each other

None of these

System in which everyone is equal but perform very different tasks

Natural movement of cultures

System by which a person's place in society is defined by birth

Correct answer:

None of these

Explanation:

None of the answers are correct because social stratification defines a system by which a society ranks categories of people into a hierarchy. Types of social stratification include meritocracy, where place is defined by personal merit. Another would be the caste system, in which social hierarchy is defined by birth. Social stratification can occur in multiple types of ways such as these, but it always denotes a hierarchy of categories of people.

Example Question #3 : Social Stratification

What are the differences between the systems of social interaction?

Possible Answers:

Closed systems of stratification have more social mobility but less social interaction than semi-open systems, while open systems have less social mobility but more social interaction than semi-open systems.

none of the other answer choices

In open systems of stratification, there is little to no social mobility or interaction between the layers and classes in society, whereas closed systems allow movement and interaction between layers and classes in society.

In closed systems of stratification, there is little to no social mobility or interaction between the layers and classes in society, whereas open systems allow movement and interaction between layers and classes in society.

In semi-open systems of stratification, there is little to no social mobility or interaction between the layers and classes in society, whereas open systems allow movement and interaction between layers and classes in society.

Correct answer:

In closed systems of stratification, there is little to no social mobility or interaction between the layers and classes in society, whereas open systems allow movement and interaction between layers and classes in society.

Explanation:

In closed systems of stratification, there is little to no social mobility or interaction between the layers and classes in society. There can be little change in social position. Open systems allow movement and interaction between layers and classes in society. Semi-open systems of stratification do not exist.

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