Sociology : Classic Sociological Theory

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Classic Sociological Theory

Macrolevel analysis examines which of the following aspects of society?

Possible Answers:

Social dynamics in individual lives

Whole societies and larger scale social structures

Large portions of societies

Portions of society that have high poverty rates

Small portions of societies

Correct answer:

Whole societies and larger scale social structures

Explanation:

Although the root word "macro" means large scale, this use of macrolevel means entire or whole and large scale. It does not simply mean a large portion of society . It is not a term that refers to social dynamics but many dynamics that encompass society as a whole It does not focus on whether an area is impoverished or wealthy. Because "macro" means whole, it can not aslo refer to small group dynamics.

Example Question #2 : Classic Sociological Theory

Which of the following is a concept that a micro-analyst would study?

Possible Answers:

Symbols a group uses to communicate

A sorority on a college campus

Importance of social interaction

Large scale social structures

Behavior of a large group such as citizens of Australia

Correct answer:

A sorority on a college campus

Explanation:

Micro means small. A sorority is a small group within a large collegiate setting and therefore, the correct answer. Microanalysis does not address symbolism. Symbolism is not a factor of interest in this discipline. It does not study anything on a large scale such as entire populations of a nation. It may note interactions within small groups but will not study solely interaction as part of microanalysis research.

Example Question #3 : Classic Sociological Theory

Max Weber's most noted contribution to sociology is that he believed which of the following beliefs?

Possible Answers:

Belief that children's rights should be foremost for societies

Belief that economics is the driving force in society

Belief that values are intertwined with research

Belief that religion does not impact society

Belief that it is important to understand how other members of society view the world

Correct answer:

Belief that it is important to understand how other members of society view the world

Explanation:

Weber strongly believed that sociological research must be value free so the researchers value system does not impact the study. He felt it was integral to any research to understand how citizens saw the world around them. He did believe that religious beliefs impact how we function and respond to situations. He did not address children's rights. He refuted the notion that economics is the driving force in how societies function.

Example Question #4 : Classic Sociological Theory

Who is considered to be the founder of the discipline of sociology?

Possible Answers:

Auguste Comte

Karl Marx

Herbert Spencer

Emile Durkheim

Charles Darwin

Correct answer:

Auguste Comte

Explanation:

Compte created the term "sociology" using Greek and Latin words. Durkheim was French like Compte but was born closely to the end of Compte"s life. Spencer was born in Britain was more interested in evolution of social change. After Compte, Marx, Weber and Durkheim, helped to mold Sociology into the discipline we think of it as today.

Example Question #5 : Classic Sociological Theory

Which following factor did not contribute to sociology becoming a discipline?

Possible Answers:

Industrialization

Revolution

Symbolism

Globalization

Urbanization

Correct answer:

Symbolism

Explanation:

Sociology does not focus on symbolism unless it is serving a minor role within how societies relate to each other.The rise of industrialization and urbanization created a need to study the phenomenon of leaving rural areas for the crowded cities. Globalization has also been an interest in sociological research because it relates to how countries relate to differing societies. Intellectual revolutions such as the enlightenment paved the way for how people thought about concepts such as social change.

Example Question #1 : Classic Sociological Theory

Urbanization is the process by which a society does which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Remains unchanged demographically

Moves from a rural structure to the city

Believes it should focus more on producing items than consumerism

Leaves urban areas for the suburbs

Develops a belief that urban areas are violent

Correct answer:

Moves from a rural structure to the city

Explanation:

As industrialization occurs, people seek work away from the farms and move into urban areas. Urbanization changes the mindset of citizens from working in fields and farms as producers to becoming consumers in a city setting. Urbanization does change the demographics because many cultures frequently live together in urban areas. The definition of urbanization does not address whether an urban area is violent or not. Urbanization does not involve moving to suburbs but instead explores why people move to the city.

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