SAT Math : How to find the next term in an arithmetic sequence

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT Math

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : How To Find The Next Term In An Arithmetic Sequence

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Each term in the sequence is one less than twice the previous term.

So,  

Example Question #2 : How To Find The Next Term In An Arithmetic Sequence

What is the next number in the following series: 0, 3, 8, 15, 24 . . . ?

Possible Answers:

40

41

37

35

32

Correct answer:

35

Explanation:

The series is defined by n2 – 1 starting at n = 1. The sixth number in the series then equal to 62 – 1 = 35.

Example Question #3 : How To Find The Next Term In An Arithmetic Sequence

A sequence of numbers is as follows:

What is the sum of the first seven numbers in the sequence?

Possible Answers:

490

248

621

719

1529

Correct answer:

621

Explanation:

The pattern of the sequence is (x+1) * 2.

We have the first 5 terms, so we need terms 6 and 7:

(78+1) * 2 = 158

(158+1) * 2 = 318

3 + 8 + 18 +38 + 78 + 158 + 318 = 621

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Next Term In An Arithmetic Sequence

Find the next term of the following sequence:

Possible Answers:

More information is needed

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The sequence provided is arithmetic. An arithmetic sequence has a common difference between each consecutive term. In this case, the difference is ; therefore, the next term is .

You can also use a formula to find the next term of an arithmetic sequence:

where  the current term and  the common difference.

Example Question #2 : How To Find The Next Term In An Arithmetic Sequence

Solve each problem and decide which is the best of the choices given.

 

Find the sixth term in the following arithmetic sequence.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

First find the common difference of the sequence,

Thus there is a common difference of

 between each term,

so follow that pattern for another  terms, and the result is .

Example Question #3 : How To Find The Next Term In An Arithmetic Sequence

Find the missing number in the sequence:

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The pattern of this sequence is  where  represents the position of the number in the sequence. 

 for the first number in the sequence. 

 for the second number. 

For the fourth term, . Therefore, 

Example Question #4 : How To Find The Next Term In An Arithmetic Sequence

An arithmetic sequence begins as follows:

Express the next term of the sequence in simplest radical form.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Using the Product of Radicals principle, we can simplify the first two terms of the sequence as follows:

The common difference  of an arithmetic sequence can be found by subtracting the first term from the second:

Add this to the second term to obtain the desired third term:

.

Example Question #5 : How To Find The Next Term In An Arithmetic Sequence

An arithmetic sequence begins as follows:

Give the next term of the sequence in simplest radical form.

Possible Answers:

None of the other choices gives the correct response.

Correct answer:

None of the other choices gives the correct response.

Explanation:

Since no perfect square integer greater than 1 divides evenly into 5 or 10, both of the first two terms of the sequence are in simplest form.

The common difference  of an arithmetic sequence can be found by subtracting the first term from the second:

Setting :

Add this to the second term to obtain the desired third term:

This is not among the given choices.

Example Question #5 : How To Find The Next Term In An Arithmetic Sequence

An arithmetic sequence begins as follows:

Give the sixth term of the sequence in decimal form.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The common difference  of an arithmetic sequence can be found by subtracting the first term from the second:

Setting :

 

The th term  of an arithmetic sequence can be derived using the formula

Setting :

The decimal equivalent of this can be found by dividing 13 by 15 as follows:

Division

The correct choice is .

Example Question #7 : How To Find The Next Term In An Arithmetic Sequence

An arithmetic sequence begins as follows:

Give the sixth term of the sequence.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The common difference  of an arithmetic sequence can be found by subtracting the first term from the second:

Setting :

The th term  of an arithmetic sequence can be derived using the formula

Setting 

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