SAT Math : How to find the length of the side of a rectangle

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT Math

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Length Of The Side Of A Rectangle

 

 

 

The two rectangles shown below are similar. What is the length of EF?

 Sat_mah_166_02

Possible Answers:

10

8

5

6

Correct answer:

10

Explanation:

When two polygons are similar, the lengths of their corresponding sides are proportional to each other.  In this diagram, AC and EG are corresponding sides and AB and EF are corresponding sides. 

To solve this question, you can therefore write a proportion:

AC/EG = AB/EF ≥ 3/6 = 5/EF

From this proportion, we know that side EF is equal to 10.

Example Question #2 : How To Find The Length Of The Side Of A Rectangle

A rectangle is x inches long and 3x inches wide.  If the area of the rectangle is 108, what is the value of x?

Possible Answers:

8

6

12

3

4

Correct answer:

6

Explanation:

Solve for x

Area of a rectangle A = lw = x(3x) = 3x2 = 108

x2 = 36

x = 6

Example Question #11 : Rectangles

If the area of rectangle is 52 meters squared and the perimeter of the same rectangle is 34 meters. What is the length of the larger side of the rectangle if the sides are integers?

Possible Answers:

13 meters

16 meters

12 meters

14 meters

15 meters

Correct answer:

13 meters

Explanation:

Area of a rectangle is = lw

Perimeter = 2(l+w)

We are given 34 = 2(l+w) or 17 = (l+w)

possible combinations of l + w

are 1+16, 2+15, 3+14, 4+13... ect

We are also given the area of the rectangle is 52 meters squared.

Do any of the above combinations when multiplied together= 52 meters squared? yes 4x13 = 52

Therefore the longest side of the rectangle is 13 meters

 

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Length Of The Side Of A Rectangle

Rectangles a

Figure is not drawn to scale.

The provided figure is a rectangle divided into two smaller rectangles, with

Rectangle  Rectangle .

Which expression is equal to the length of ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Since Rectangle  is similar to Rectangle , it follows that corresponding sides are in proportion. Specifically,

;

since , if we let , then 

,

and 

Setting , and , the proportion statement becomes

Cross-multiplying, we get

Simplifying, we get

Since this is quadratic, all terms must be moved to one side:

or

The solutions to quadratic equation

can be found by way of the quadratic formula

Set :

Simplifying the radical using the Product of Radicals Property, we get

Splitting the fraction and reducing:

This actually tells us that the lengths of the two segments  and  have the lengths  and  is seen in the diagram to be the longer, so we choose the greater value, .

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