SAT II World History : Vietnamese Relations

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Vietnamese Relations

In their conflicts against France and the United States, Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Cong were practitioners of

Possible Answers:

mass demonstrations and protests.

siege warfare.

guerilla warfare.

non-violent resistance.

diplomatic negotiations.

Correct answer:

guerilla warfare.

Explanation:

After World War II, France held Vietnam, which had a communist government led by Ho Chi Min. Most fighting took place in the northern part of the country in a series of guerilla style battles led by small skirmishing forces. These small bands, known as Viet Cong, were victorious against the France and helped create a North Vietnam that was Communist in 1954. By the mid 1960s, conflicts between the two Vietnams warped into open warfare, drawing in the United States openly and the USSR discreetly. The Viet Cong, even when representing a nation state, continued using guerilla tactics to frustrate the American troops.

Example Question #2 : Vietnamese Relations

Which of these Americans received a Nobel Peace Prize for his role in the Paris Peace Accords of 1973?

Possible Answers:

Gerald Ford

Henry Kissinger

Richard Nixon

John Foster Dulles

J. Edgar Hoover

Correct answer:

Henry Kissinger

Explanation:

The Paris Peace Accords of 1973 effectively ended American military involvement in the Vietnam War. It also provided a (temporary) peace between the forces of North and South Vietnam. For their role in the peace treaty, Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho were given the Nobel Peace Prize.

Example Question #3 : Vietnamese Relations

American military involvement in the Vietnam War was publicly ended following __________.

Possible Answers:

the Treaty of Saigon in 1976

the Treaty of Versailles in 1975

the Tet Offensive in 1968

the My Lai Massacre in 1969

the Paris Peace Accords in 1973

Correct answer:

the Paris Peace Accords in 1973

Explanation:

In 1973, the Paris Peace Accords formally ended direct American military involvement in the war in Vietnam. It was ignored privately by Richard Nixon and his administration, who continued to provide air support to the South Vietnamese forces. When Nixon was forced from office, the American government officially backed out of the Vietnam War and left the South Vietnamese to fall to conquest by the North Vietnamese. The famous "evacuation of Saigon," which occurred in April of 1975, was the final removal of all American personnel from Vietnam, just a day before the North Vietnamese entered and captured the capital of South Vietnam.

Example Question #4 : Vietnamese Relations

In addition to Vietnam, the Vietnam War was also fought in __________.

Possible Answers:

North and South Korea

India and Pakistan

Laos and Cambodia

Indonesia and Thailand

China and Thailand

Correct answer:

Laos and Cambodia

Explanation:

The Vietnam War spread across international borders into Cambodia and Laos, as both countries also had large numbers of communists alleged to be offering support to North Vietnam and the Viet Cong. Cambodia, in particular, was the target of many American bombing raids during the latter years of the Vietnam War.

Example Question #5 : Vietnamese Relations

The Tet Offensive __________.

Possible Answers:

led to the United States capturing a large portion of North Vietnamese territory

None of the other answers is correct; the Tet Offensive took place during the Korean War. 

completely obliterated the forces of the United States and South Vietnam

created the conditions necessary for a peace arrangement to be made

involved a surprise attack by the forces of North Vietnam against South Vietnamese cities

Correct answer:

involved a surprise attack by the forces of North Vietnam against South Vietnamese cities

Explanation:

The Tet Offensive was a surprise attack on the forces of the United States and South Vietnam by the forces of North Vietnam in 1968. The North Vietnamese were able to capture many cities and military bases in the South before the American forces regrouped and retook most of them. It was one of the largest and most significant military operations of the Vietnam War.

Example Question #6 : Vietnamese Relations

Agent Orange __________.

Possible Answers:

was initially denounced as a traitor before later being declared a war hero for his actions in the My Lai Massacre

died during the Tet Offensive

was the codename for an American offensive against Saigon

led the American forces to victory in the Tet Offensive

was used with the intention of making the guerrilla tactics of the Viet Cong impossible

Correct answer:

was used with the intention of making the guerrilla tactics of the Viet Cong impossible

Explanation:

Agent Orange is the name given to a chemical dropped on the Vietnamese jungle by the American forces. Its intended purpose was to destroy leaves and reduce the tree cover, negating the guerrilla tactics of the Viet Cong; however, it ended up causing cancer and genetic mutations in many American soldiers and Vietnamese civilians.

Example Question #7 : Vietnamese Relations

What was the name of the communist Vietnamese leader who was president of North Vietnam for much of the Vietnam War?

Possible Answers:

Ngo Dinh Diem

Pol Pot

Ton Duc Thang

Bao Di

Ho Chi Minh

Correct answer:

Ho Chi Minh

Explanation:

Ho Chi Minh was initially a revolutionary who fought to overthrow the imperial French government in Vietnam. He was also a staunch communist, and he was the first Prime Minister of North Vietnam. During the Vietnam War, up to his death in 1969, he was president of North Vietnam and the leader of the Vietnamese Army and the Viet Cong.

Example Question #8 : Vietnamese Relations

The My Lai Massacre was committed by __________.

Possible Answers:

American troops murdering unarmed women and children

Viet Cong troops murdering South Vietnamese civilians in Saigon

Viet Cong troops murdering villagers believed to be helping the United States

Viet Cong troops murdering captured American soldiers

American troops murdering captured prisoners of war

Correct answer:

American troops murdering unarmed women and children

Explanation:

The My Lai Massacre was the mass killing of approximately four hundred unarmed civilians by American soldiers in 1968. It was one of the more dramatic turning points for changing public opinion concerning the war in the United States. When the extent and depravity of the massacre emerged in America, many people joined the anti-war movement. 

Example Question #9 : Vietnamese Relations

During the Vietnam War, the Viet Cong __________.

Possible Answers:

fought a guerrilla and standard war for the forces of South Vietnam

provided massive aid relief and refugee evacuation, but frequently clashed with the Red Cross

fought a guerrilla and standard war for the forces of North Vietnam

provided massive aid relief and refugee evacuation and worked closely with the Red Cross

fought a guerrilla and standard war for the forces of the United States

Correct answer:

fought a guerrilla and standard war for the forces of North Vietnam

Explanation:

During the Vietnam War, the Viet Cong fought for the forces of communist North Vietnam against the United States and the forces of South Vietnam. They fought a guerrilla war as well as a more traditional war and emerged victorious when the war ended in 1975.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: