SAT II World History : Tools of War

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Tools Of War

Which of the following best defines meritocracy?

Possible Answers:

A religious sect of ancient Confucianism 

A system where promotions are made based on ability rather than familial status

The name given to Genghis Kahn’s style of intimidation and warfare

The name given to the Japanese concept of chivalry and honor

None of the other answer choices is correct.

Correct answer:

A system where promotions are made based on ability rather than familial status

Explanation:

Meritocracy is the name given to a system in which promotions are made and jobs awarded based on the ability of an individual rather than the status of his or her family. Genghis Khan famously introduced this concept to his Mongolian forces, greatly improving the efficiency of his forces and the loyalty of his men.

Example Question #2 : Tools Of War

During the eleventh and twelfth centuries, trebuchets began to emerge in Europe and the Middle East; they were primarily used __________.

Possible Answers:

for caring for the sick and wounded 

to spot enemies from a safe distance 

as siege weapons 

as close-combat weapons 

for defensive purposes 

Correct answer:

as siege weapons 

Explanation:

Trebuchets are siege weapons that became a popular component of medieval war-making in the twelfth century. A trebuchet is similar in design to a catapult, although significantly more complicated and effective. Trebuchets were eventually phased out in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries with the advent of gunpowder and cannons.

Example Question #3 : Tools Of War

The invention of gunpowder occurred in __________.

Possible Answers:

England

France

Russia

China

Germany

Correct answer:

China

Explanation:

The invention of gunpowder happened in China sometime around the ninth or tenth century. The China of this time period was a highly innovative society that gave the world many notable inventions, including block printing and compass navigation at sea. Gunpowder spread across Central Asia and the Middle East before arriving in Europe around the thirteenth century.

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