SAT II World History : The Cold War in Europe

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

← Previous 1

Example Question #1 : The Cold War In Europe

The Berlin Airlift occurred in the aftermath of __________.

Possible Answers:

the fall of the Soviet empire 

the First World War 

the unification of Germany 

the Second World War 

the Nazi invasion of Poland 

Correct answer:

the Second World War 

Explanation:

After the end of World War Two, the city of Berlin was divided into four zones of control: American, British, French, and Russian; however, the city itself was located in East Germany and thus under direct control of the Soviet Union. The American, French, and British sections were combined to form West Berlin. As the Cold War began to dominate global politics, the Soviet Union tried to control the entire city of Berlin and closed off the city to trade with the Western world. The French, British, and particularly American authorities, under the leadership of General Marshall, airlifted supplies into the Western areas of the city to keep the population from starving and also to keep them from turning in desperation to Communism.

Example Question #2 : The Cold War In Europe

Which of these countries was NOT considered part of the Eastern Bloc of Soviet European countries?

Possible Answers:

Romania 

East Germany 

Czechoslovakia 

Poland 

Finland 

Correct answer:

Finland 

Explanation:

The Eastern Bloc was established in the years immediately following World War Two when most of Europe was being divided between Western (American-influenced) Capitalism and Eastern (Soviet-influenced) Communism. Poland, East Germany, Romania, and Czechoslovakia were all incorporated into the Eastern Bloc under the Warsaw Pact. Finland and Switzerland were the only countries to remain neutral—neither Western- nor Eastern-aligned.

Example Question #3 : The Cold War In Europe

The Warsaw Pact __________.

Possible Answers:

was signed by Eastern European countries during the Cold War

was signed between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during World War Two

was signed between Poland and Russia in the years before World War Two

was signed by Western Europe in the immediate aftermath of World War Two

was signed by almost all European countries in the 1990s

Correct answer:

was signed by Eastern European countries during the Cold War

Explanation:

The Warsaw Pact was an agreement signed in 1955 between the various Eastern European and Soviet-bloc countries of the Cold War. It aimed to provide for mutual cooperation and defense and was essentially created as a foil to the American- and British-lead NATO Pact, which West Germany had joined the year before.

Example Question #4 : The Cold War In Europe

Who was the Communist ruler of Yugoslavia during the Cold War in Europe?

Possible Answers:

Marshal Tito

Leonid Brezhnev

Gamal Abdel Nasser

Nikita Kruschev

Slobodan Milosevic

Correct answer:

Marshal Tito

Explanation:

Yugoslavia is a somewhat unique case in the history of the Cold War in Europe. Although essentially a Communist nation, the government of Yugoslavia, led by Marshal Tito, sought to distance itself from Soviet hegemony. Tito was an ardent Yugoslavian nationalist.

Example Question #5 : The Cold War In Europe

Which of the following were the first two European countries to be provided aid by the Truman Doctrine?

Possible Answers:

Greece and Turkey

Switzerland and Spain

France and Poland

Yugoslavia and Greece

Germany and Poland

Correct answer:

Greece and Turkey

Explanation:

The Truman Doctrine was the primary foreign policy of President Harry Truman in the years immediately after World War Two. The Truman Doctrine stated that the United States would provide economic and military aid to those countries facing a communist uprising to stop the spread of socialism and Soviet hegemony. The first two countries to be given American aid under the Truman Doctrine were Greece and Turkey, in 1947. Both countries were facing threats of Soviet hegemony and communist uprisings, so they were given financial and military support by the United States.

Example Question #6 : The Cold War In Europe

Which of these countries was non-aligned during the Cold War? 

Possible Answers:

Greece

Austria

Poland

France

Yugoslavia

Correct answer:

Yugoslavia

Explanation:

During the Cold War in Europe, the vast majority of countries fell into one of two groups. Western Europe was primarily capitalist and allied, through the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), with the United States. NATO included France, Austria, Greece, Great Britain, West Germany, and several other countries. Communist Eastern Europe primarily fell under the influence of the Soviet Union, and was allied under the Warsaw Pact. The Warsaw Pact included Poland, Hungary, Romania, Ukraine, and several other countries. Yugoslavia, itself a Communist nation, resisted the Soviet hegemony and, along with India, Egypt, and Indonesia, formed the non-alignment bloc of independent nations.

Example Question #6 : The Cold War In Europe

Which four nations were present at the Geneva Summit of 1955? 

Possible Answers:

Great Britain, the United States, France, and the Soviet Union

The United States, China, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union

The United States, France, Great Britain, and West Germany

The United States, China, France, and Great Britain

France, West Germany, East Germany, and the Soviet Union

Correct answer:

Great Britain, the United States, France, and the Soviet Union

Explanation:

The Geneva Convention was organized in 1955 with the stated aim of reducing global tension and beginning the process towards world peace. It failed in this mission, but it represented the first of many attempts during the Cold War to try and find an entente between the East and the West. It was attended by the political leaders of the United States, France, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union.

Example Question #7 : The Cold War In Europe

In 1989, The Velvet Revolution was a non-violent transition from socialism to democracy in which European country? 

Possible Answers:

Ukraine

Czechoslovakia

Yugoslavia

Hungary

Albania

Correct answer:

Czechoslovakia

Explanation:

The Velvet Revolution can be seen as part of the wider trend of European history, in 1989 and 1990, when the communist regimes all over Europe and in the Soviet Union were crumbling and being replaced by capitalism and democracy. The Velvet Revolution took place in Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia and the Czech Republic) in the winter of 1989. It was an almost entirely non-violent revolution, inspired by student protests that led to a very swift resignation of the communist government.

Example Question #8 : The Cold War In Europe

Which of these Cold War-era European institutions is generally understood as the precursor to the European Union? 

Possible Answers:

European Community for Mutual Prosperity

European Organization for Mutual Protection

European Agriculture and Labor Community

European Coal and Steel Community

European Atomic Energy Community

Correct answer:

European Coal and Steel Community

Explanation:

The European Coal and Steel Community is generally considered as the initial step in the integration of European markets and politics under one umbrella organization, now called the European Union. It was initially proposed by the French government in 1950 as a means to prevent any future war in Europe between France and Germany. The aim was to make it so war was not just improbable, but rather "materially impossible" by integrating the economies of France and Germany so much that they were dependent on each other. By 1951, the ECSC was ratified by six countries: France, West Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, and Luxembourg.

Example Question #75 : Europe

Which French political leader emerged from retirement to help abate the crisis brought about by the demise of the French Fourth Republic in 1958?

Possible Answers:

Jacques Chirac

Pierre Laval

Michel Debre

Leon Blum

Charles de Gaulle

Correct answer:

Charles de Gaulle

Explanation:

The French Fourth Republic was formed in the aftermath of World War Two, but immediately ran into the same problems of the French Third Republic: an Executive Branch that was too weak, with too many diverse political parties. The government was unable to rule effectively, and the Fourth Republic crumbled after just a decade. The wartime hero, Charles de Gaulle, was called back to office to preside over the transition to the French Fifth Republic, which has continued to this day.

← Previous 1
Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: