SAT II World History : The Americas in World War II

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : The Americas In World War Ii

People of __________ ancestry were forcibly interned in the United States during the Second World War.

Possible Answers:

Italian

Chinese

Russian

German

Japanese

Correct answer:

Japanese

Explanation:

During the Second World War, people of Japanese ancestry—both citizens of Japan living in America and Japanese-Americans—were sent to camps where they were forcibly interned until the war was over. Even though people of Germans and Italian descent might have been perceived as being the United States' combatants as much as people of Japanese descent, individuals of German or Italian descent were more difficult to identify racially and not interned. In recent years, the United States' internment of people of Japanese descent during World War Two has been widely condemned as unneccesary and a violation of the same rights for which the United States was fighting.

Example Question #2 : The Americas In World War Ii

The Lend-Lease Act of 1941 __________.

Possible Answers:

almost sent the United States back into an economic depression by providing land too easily and for too little money

made certain promises to American soldiers being sent to fight in wars for other people's freedoms in Europe and Asia about land and money they would be given when they returned

was unanimously supported in the United States lesiglature as a necessary result of America's entrance into the Second World War

allowed the United States to provide supplies to Britain and the Soviet Union without becoming involved directly in the war

allowed private investors to buy government land to help the American government fund the cost of fighting the Second World War

Correct answer:

allowed the United States to provide supplies to Britain and the Soviet Union without becoming involved directly in the war

Explanation:

The Neutrality Act of 1939 forbade the United States from involving itself in any conflict between the various European powers; however, seeing the direction the war was turning and the need for American intervention, Roosevelt encouraged the passage of the Lend-Lease Act of 1941, which allowed America to send supplies and money to the allied powers of Britain and the Soviet Union without violating the Neturality Act by actually putting American soldiers on the ground.

Example Question #3 : The Americas In World War Ii

Who represented the United States at the Potsdam Conference?

Possible Answers:

Winston Churchill

Harry Truman

John F. Kennedy

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Correct answer:

Harry Truman

Explanation:

The Potsdam Conference was the final meeting of three great world powers (Britain, Russia, and the United States) in the waning moments of World War Two. It occurred shortly after the death of Roosevelt, so the United States was represented by President Harry Truman.

Example Question #4 : The Americas In World War Ii

The American-led D-Day invasion of mainland Europe was organized primarily by which of the following individuals?

Possible Answers:

Douglas MacArthur

Chester Nimitz

Dwight Eisenhower

George Patton

Harry Truman

Correct answer:

Dwight Eisenhower

Explanation:

The D-Day invasion was designed to retake much of Northern France from German forces in 1944. The intention was to get Allied forces into enemy territory and begin the push towards Berlin. It was led by and organized by American General (and future President) Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Example Question #5 : The Americas In World War Ii

Which of these statements about the American War Production Board is true? 

Possible Answers:

The resolution to institute it was blocked by Congress, but overturned by a Presidential veto. 

The resolution to institute it was blocked by Congress.

It led to a rapid drop in the standard of living in the United States. 

It caused massive unemployment. 

It allowed America to produce more munitions than all of the axis powers combined. 

Correct answer:

It allowed America to produce more munitions than all of the axis powers combined. 

Explanation:

The War Production Board was instituted in 1942. Many of the Depression Era government programs were replaced or altered to redirect the focus towards producing weapons and supplies. It led to almost universal employment in the United States as the whole nation was involved in the war effort. It also allowed the United States to produce almost 40% of the entire world's supply of munitions, which outpaced the production of the axis powers (30% of the world collectively). 

Example Question #6 : The Americas In World War Ii

How were the rights of unions and workers negatively impacted by World War Two? 

Possible Answers:

Unions were legally dissolved by Congress who felt that they were detrimental to national morale. 

None of these answers is correct. 

The right to strike was limited in industries considered vital to the war effort. 

Immigrants and refugees from Europe and Asia took many of the jobs being done by working class Americans. 

Mass unemployment led to lowering of wages and a reduction in benefits. 

Correct answer:

The right to strike was limited in industries considered vital to the war effort. 

Explanation:

In general, workers in the United States benefitted from World War Two. Employment was almost universal and wages and benefits were higher, not to mention the rapid growth of the middle class that took place in the decades after the war. But, one notable negative resulted from the emphasis on the war effort. The government passed a bill to block strikes in essential industries. So those workers who were mining coal or drilling for oil etc. were prevented from striking by force and law. 

Example Question #2 : Gender 1900 To Present

Rosie the Riveter represented __________.

Possible Answers:

mothers who raised patriotic sons to fight in World War Two

U.S. women working in the factories during the Second World War

None of these answers; Rosie the Riveter was a troop entertainer in the European theatre.

mothers who had lost their sons fighting in World War Two

nurses who cared for the wounded on the battlefield during the Second World War 

Correct answer:

U.S. women working in the factories during the Second World War

Explanation:

Rosie the Riveter was an American propaganda figure and symbol of the contribution of women to the war effort during World War Two. She is a cultural icon meant to stand for the millions of women who worked in munitions factories and worked other jobs traditionally held by men. 

Example Question #2 : The Americas In World War Ii

During the Second World War, Japanese residents of the United States were __________.

Possible Answers:

forcefully deported 

imprisoned in camps in American holdings in the Pacific

allowed to continue their lives as normal 

summarily executed 

forcibly held in internment camps

Correct answer:

forcibly held in internment camps

Explanation:

After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States promptly declared war on Japan, and soon after on the other Axis powers. Japanese residents of the United States were viewed with immense distrust and often outright hostility. The government instituted a policy of forced internment in internment camps.

Example Question #8 : The Americas In World War Ii

Roosevelt's Quarantine Speech, delivered in 1937, argued for __________.

Possible Answers:

the institution of a peacetime draft

an international detachment from aggressor nations

an end to America's policy of isolationism and neutrality 

a renewed emphasis on America's policy of isolationism and neutrality 

the internment of Japanese people living in the United States 

Correct answer:

an international detachment from aggressor nations

Explanation:

Roosevelt delivered his famous Quarantine Speech in 1937, amidst a climate of isolationism and neutrality in the United States. The majority of Americans did not want to get involved in the budding conflicts of Europe and Asia, but Roosevelt felt differently. In his Quarantine Speech, he argues that the aggressor nations (referring to Italy, Germany, and Japan) should be cut off from international trade and support.

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