SAT II World History : The Americas in World War I

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

← Previous 1

Example Question #1 : The Americas In World War I

The Dawes Plan was designed to __________.

Possible Answers:

restructure German debt and prevent economic catastrophe

mimic the British approach to the Industrial Revolution in the United States

encourage internal infrastructure improvements in the United States in the aftermath of World War One

maintain capitalist democracy in Western Europe

encourage peace between France and Great Britain

Correct answer:

restructure German debt and prevent economic catastrophe

Explanation:

The Treaty of Versailles set the terms by which the combatants of World War One would progress in the wake of World War One, and it established very harsh and humiliating conditions for Germany. Germany was forced to pay war reparations and accept full responsibility for the war. By 1924, it had become clear that Germany could not pay off its massive debt, and its attempts to do so were causing hyperinflation. In an attempt to remedy this situation, the Dawes Plan restructured German debt and lent a great deal of money from the U.S. treasury to the German government.

Example Question #2 : The Americas In World War I

The Kellogg-Briand Pact, signed in 1928, __________.

Possible Answers:

forbade the use of warfare to settle international disputes

created the League of Nations, which was under American control

created a system of alliances between the Western European nations and the United States

forbade the establishment of state religions in any European country

stated that all European countries must allow female enfranchisement or be removed from the League of Nations

Correct answer:

forbade the use of warfare to settle international disputes

Explanation:

The Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed in 1928 by the United States, France, and Germany. Most of the rest of the major powers in the world followed suit and signed shortly after. The Kellogg-Briand Pact renounced the use of warfare as a means of settling international disputes.

Example Question #3 : The Americas In World War I

The Palmer Raids were carried out in order to __________.

Possible Answers:

suppress reactionary conservatism during World War One in America

intimidate returning black soldiers in Northern cities

ensure continued support for the war among the American population

demean the government of Woodrow Wilson and encourage insurrection

quell radical leftism in post World War One America

Correct answer:

quell radical leftism in post World War One America

Explanation:

The Palmer Raids can be seen in the larger context of the Red Scare that gripped American society after World War One. The Palmer Raids were designed to forcefully exile foreign citizens living in America who were deemed radical leftists; anarchists and communists were particularly likely to be targeted.

Example Question #4 : The Americas In World War I

Who was President of the United States of America during the First World War?

Possible Answers:

Woodrow Wilson 

Theodore Roosevelt 

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Harry S Truman 

Herbert Hoover 

Correct answer:

Woodrow Wilson 

Explanation:

Woodrow Wilson was elected President in 1912 and served from 1913-1921 (World War One lasted from 1914-1918). Wilson initially opposed intervening in the “Great European War,” as most Americans knew it. But, cultural similarities with the British and American public opinion turning against the Germans after the sinking of American passenger ships (such as the Lusitania in 1915) eventually caused the United States to enter the war on the side of the Allied powers in 1917. Wilson is fondly remembered for his attempts to create the first collective political organization designed to represent the interests of the entire world - The League of Nations - although this would subsequently fail as a result of a war-weary American Congress that wanted to remain out of European affairs. 

Example Question #5 : The Americas In World War I

The four biggest Latin American economies during the First World War were __________.

Possible Answers:

Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Bolivia

Colombia, Venezuela, Chile, and Cuba 

Argentina, Chile, Brazil, and Mexico

Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, and Panama

Venezuela, Mexico, Costa Rica, and Panama

Correct answer:

Argentina, Chile, Brazil, and Mexico

Explanation:

At the time of the First World War, the four biggest Latin American economies were Mexico, Chile, Brazil, and Argentina. All four countries were, at least in the cities and coastal regions, relatively modernized, and they all engaged in widespread trade with the rest of the world. Brazil, in particular, had many raw and luxury resources to export and Argentina had a consistent surplus of grain, wheat, and meat products. All four of these nations would play an important role in the First World War, either by remaining neutral and supplying the Allies and the Central Powers with supplies (Mexico, Chile, and Argentina) or by declaring war on Germany and hounding their ships in the Atlantic (Brazil).

Example Question #6 : The Americas In World War I

What was the primary military contribution of Brazil to the Allied war effort during the First World War?

Possible Answers:

The army fought alongside the Italians in Northern Italy and the Balkans.

The navy patrolled the Atlantic and participated in the anti-submarine campaign.

The navy supported the Japanese navy in the Pacific.

The navy protected Italian and British trading interests in the Mediterranean.

The army fought alongside the Allied Powers in Northern France.

Correct answer:

The navy patrolled the Atlantic and participated in the anti-submarine campaign.

Explanation:

The primary contribution of Brazil during the First World War came from its contribution of raw and luxury resources to the Allied Powers, particularly when this became exclusive following Brazil's declaration of war in 1917; however, the primary military contribution of Brazil was the support its navy to help the efforts of the Allied Powers to pursue German submarines, which allowed for Allied control of the Atlantic Ocean.

Example Question #7 : The Americas In World War I

The Zimmerman Telegram proposed that ___________.

Possible Answers:

if Mexico remained neutral during the First World War, the United States would provide aid to help bolster the Mexican economy

if Mexico supported the United States in the war against Germany, the United States would return territory in the Southwest, like Texas and California

if Mexico attacked the United States, the Germans would provide military support and economic aid during and in the decades after the war. 

if Mexico remained neutral during the First World War, Germany would provide aid to help bolster the Mexican economy

if Mexico supported the Germans in the war against the United States, Germany would return territory in the Southwest, like Texas and California

Correct answer:

if Mexico supported the Germans in the war against the United States, Germany would return territory in the Southwest, like Texas and California

Explanation:

The Zimmerman Telegram was a message from the German high command to the Mexican government, which promised that if Mexico attacked the United States during World War One, then the German government would return Mexican territory in the southwest of the United States in the event of a German victory. The telegram became public knowledge and was one of the main reasons why the United States declared war on Germany in 1917. 

Example Question #8 : The Americas In World War I

The Sussex Pledge related to which aspect of German-American relations during World War One?

Possible Answers:

America's promise not to persecute German citizens living in the United States

America's trading relationship with Western Europe

German unrestricted submarine warfare

Germany's attempts to bring Mexico into a war with the United States

America's promise to provide aid and military support to Germany in exchange for German territory in Africa and the Caribbean

Correct answer:

German unrestricted submarine warfare

Explanation:

The Sussex Pledge was issued by the German government in 1916. It was issued in response to a statement made by President Woodrow Wilson that the United States would enter the war if Germany did not stop its policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. The Sussex Pledge promised to stop sinking American ships and to allow partial freedom of the seas; however, the German government rescinded the policy in January of 1917, believing that they could win the war by preventing France and England from trading with the United States. This backfired and caused the United States to join the war on the side of the Allied Powers. 

Example Question #9 : The Americas In World War I

The Supreme Court case, Schenck v. United States, relates to the __________.

Possible Answers:

suspension of freedom of assembly during World War One

conversion of private property to public property for the purposes of facilitating the production of war materials 

internment of German-Americans during World War One

implementation of the draft during World War One

internment of Japanese-Americans during World War One

Correct answer:

implementation of the draft during World War One

Explanation:

The Supreme Court case, Schenck v. United States (1919), relates to the implementation of the draft during World War One. Specifically, the court ruled that men who were encouraging young men to resist the draft were violating the Espionage Act of 1917 and endangering the safety and security of the nation.

Example Question #10 : The Americas In World War I

Which of the following individuals is the American senator who led the battle to prevent the United States from joining the League of Nations in the aftermath of World War One?

Possible Answers:

William Jennings Bryan

Charles Curtis

Henry Cabot Lodge

Theodore Roosevelt

William Randolph Hearst

Correct answer:

Henry Cabot Lodge

Explanation:

The League of Nations was an important component of Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points and the Treaty of Versailles. It was meant to serve as a sort of proto-United Nations, designed to facilitate freedom of trade and prevent war; however, it was doomed to failure from the very start due, in part, to the efforts of one American senator. Henry Cabot Lodge was the Senate Majority Leader at the time that the Treaty of Versailles appeared before the Senate for ratification. He wanted the treaty amended to ensure that America would remain isolationist and not involved in the League of Nations. His refusal, along with others', to support the League of Nations ensured that the treaty was never ratified in the United States' Senate. 

← Previous 1
Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: