SAT II World History : Technological Innovation

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Technological Innovation

The Clovis culture is notable for its use of tools made of 

Possible Answers:

copper.

wood.

stone.

bronze.

Correct answer:

stone.

Explanation:

The Clovis culture was a group of Native Americans who most likely lived 8,000 to 10,000 years ago. The culture is known for their distinctive stone arrow points, which feature a flaked construction to form a sharp point. The Clovis culture gets its name from the city in New Mexico nearest to the location where the first representative spear points were found in 1926.

Example Question #2 : Technological Innovation

A distinguishing feature of Mayan pyramids from Egyptian pyramids is the fact that

Possible Answers:

Mayan pyramids were largely decorative.

Mayan pyramids were usually stepped.

Mayan pyramids had no religious significance.

Egyptian pyramids had no religious significance.

Egyptian pyramids were built much later.

Correct answer:

Mayan pyramids were usually stepped.

Explanation:

The Egyptian pyramids were built many centuries before the Mayan pyramids, but the Mayans developed pyramids independently. For both people, their pyramids had great religious and cultural significance, and both served specific functions. The Egyptian pyramids served as Pharoahs' tombs and were smooth faced. The stepped Mayan pyramids served ceremonial and governmental functions that required priests and kings to climb them.

Example Question #3 : Technological Innovation

Where did both gunpowder and the magnetic compass originate?

Possible Answers:

England

China

Russia

Japan

The Ottoman Empire

Correct answer:

China

Explanation:

Both of these inventions come from China. They are significant because the magnetic compass facilitated marine exploration and trade while gunpowder led to advancements in weapons technology.

Example Question #4 : Technological Innovation

Which of these is primarily responsible for the massive growth of the world's population in middle of the twentieth century?

Possible Answers:

The adoption of air travel 

The Orange Revolution 

The end of imperialism 

The Green Revolution 

The decline of religion 

Correct answer:

The Green Revolution 

Explanation:

Throughout most of recorded human history, the population of the world could be counted in the tens or hundreds of millions. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Industrial Revolution and increased agricultural output had pushed the total population to around 1.5 billion. The population now is around 7 billion. This means that the planet grew by roughly four and a half billion people in the hundred years that make up the twentieth century. The primary impetus for this massive growth was the Green Revolution, which occurred in the 1950s and 1960s. Increased use of pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers, and so on greatly impacted the global food supply. The impact was felt most notably in developing nations. In addition to providing the means for massive population growth, the Green Revolution is also credited with saving perhaps as many as one to two billion people from starvation.

Example Question #41 : Major Developments

The Panama Canal was primarily built in __________.

Possible Answers:

the 1920s

the 1870s

the 1880s

the 1890s

the 1900s 

Correct answer:

the 1900s 

Explanation:

The Panama Canal was primarily built between 1904 and 1914 by American authorities. The Canal cuts through the territory of Panama and greatly reduces the amount of time required to ship goods from Europe, Asia, and Africa to the Western coast of the United States and South America. The Panama Canal remained under American ownership until 1999, when it was passed over to Panamanian control.

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