SAT II World History : Southeast Asia from 1500 C.E. to 1900 C.E.

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Southeast Asia From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

The Mughal Empire ruled most of which present day country?

Possible Answers:

China

Iran

Germany

Russia

India

Correct answer:

India

Explanation:

The Mughal emperors came from a nomadic group in present day Uzbekistan, but over the course of the sixteenth century they conquered almost all of the Indian subcontinent. The Mughals adopted Persian culture, and they sought a syncretic cultural and religious approach that attempted to unify their various ruled peoples. The Mughal Empire ruled most of the Indian subcontinent for 250 years and was still ruling an area around Delhi until 1857.

Example Question #2 : Southeast Asia From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

The Sepoy Rebellion took place in __________.

Possible Answers:

French-controlled Vietnam

British-controlled China

American-controlled Japan

Dutch-controlled Indonesia

British-controlled India

Correct answer:

British-controlled India

Explanation:

The Sepoy Rebellion was the precursor to the creation of the British Raj in 1857 in the Indian subcontinent. Prior to 1857, the British had ruled India in a comparably relaxed manner, focusing on establishing economic networks and propping up existing power structures; however, when the Indian troops of armies controlled by the British (Sepoys) rebelled in 1857, the British took direct control of India and tightened their grip on the political and social life of the people. 

Example Question #3 : Southeast Asia From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

Which empire was dominant in the Indian subcontinent before the arrival of the British?

Possible Answers:

The Mughal Empire

The Sikh Empire

The Chinese Empire

The Nepalese Empire

The Persian Empire

Correct answer:

The Mughal Empire

Explanation:

The Mughal empire conquered much of Northern and Western India in the sixteenth century. The Mughals established a capital at Delhi and governed India through a time of relative peace and economic expansion. They were displaced by the British after the arrival of the British East India Company on the Indian subcontinent.

Example Question #4 : Southeast Asia From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

The First Indian War of Independence, sometimes called the Sepoy Rebellion, took place in which century?

Possible Answers:

The eighteenth century

The nineteenth century

The twentieth century

The sixteenth century

The seventeenth century

Correct answer:

The nineteenth century

Explanation:

The First Indian War of Independence took place in 1857. It began when Indian and Muslim troops serving British authorities rebelled against those authorities and tried to overthrow British influence in India. The most significant consequence of the rebellion was that the British government decided to drop the pretense and take direct control of the Indian subcontinent. For the next ninety years, Britain would govern India as a colony, until India gained full independence in 1947.

Example Question #5 : Southeast Asia From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

This Empire had control over much of the Indian subcontinent prior to the arrival of the British Empire.

Possible Answers:

The Mongols

The Tamils

The Khmers

The Mughals

The Kazakhs

Correct answer:

The Mughals

Explanation:

Prior to the arrival of the British, the Mughal Empire controlled much of the Indian subcontinent—particularly northern India. Their capital city was Delhi. The Mughal rulers claimed descent (although this is disputed by historians) from Genghis Khan and the other notable Mongolian Khans, but it is fairly certain they were Central Asian people with a mixture of Turkish and Mongolian ethnicity. They arrived in the Indian subcontinent in the sixteenth century. 

Example Question #5 : Southeast Asia From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

The British Empire emerged from this conflict with primary economic control over the Indian subcontinent.

Possible Answers:

The Crimean War

The Napoleonic Wars

World War One

The Seven Years' War

The War of Austrian Succession

Correct answer:

The Seven Years' War

Explanation:

The Seven Years' War is often referred to by historians as the first truly global war. At the time, the colonial possessions of France and Britain were extensive, spanning North America, Africa, Asia, Oceania, and Central America. The war resulted in a victory for the British, and the French ceded certain territorial possessions on the Indian subcontinent, agreeing to recognize British economic superiority on the subcontinent. This is the beginning of British domination over India, which would last until Indian independence, two centuries later.

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