SAT II World History : Settlements and Cities

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Settlements And Cities

The movement towards agricultural-based permanent settlements took place during __________.

Possible Answers:

the Paleozoic era

the Mesozoic era

the Neolithic era

the Paleolithic era

the Jurassic period

Correct answer:

the Neolithic era

Explanation:

The Neolithic era spans from about 10,000 B.C.E. to about 2,000 B.C.E. It is marked by the movement of human society away from hunter-gatherer societies and towards settled agricultural communities. The change took place first in the fertile lands in the Middle East but spread almost everywhere where hunting was difficult or lands were fertile. The movement towards settled agricultural communities paved the way for cities, large communities, civilizations, and empires, as well as art, culture, and written language.

Example Question #2 : Settlements And Cities

A ziggurat is __________.

Possible Answers:

a Babylonian garden 

a Sumerian pyramid 

a Mayan temple 

an Aztec garden

a Korean university 

Correct answer:

a Sumerian pyramid 

Explanation:

A ziggurat is an ancient structure built in Mesopotamia by the Sumerians, Babylonians, and other Mesopotamian civilizations. It generally takes the shape of a step pyramid. Ziggurats were religious buildings part of temple complexes, and many survive to this day.

Example Question #3 : Settlements And Cities

How did the spread of bronze most directly contribute to the emergence of larger cities and civilizations? 

Possible Answers:

It provided more tools and allowed people to build, farm, and war more effectively. 

It allowed the people of Europe to begin to dominate and subjugate much of the world and spread Greco-Roman culture around the Old World. 

None of these answers is correct; if anything the emergence of bronze slowed down the growth of civilizations. 

It provided cleaner material to make drinking and eating vessels thus preventing the spread of diseases. 

It encouraged people's artistic tendencies leading to a growth of intellectual and philosophical understanding. 

Correct answer:

It provided more tools and allowed people to build, farm, and war more effectively. 

Explanation:

The Bronze Age began first in the Near Middle East in about the 4th millenium B.C.E. It provided people with new tools to manipulate the environment around them - allowing people to build better buildings, farm more efficiently, and wage war far more effectively. The Bronze Age eventually spread around much of the world (although remained absent indefinitely in some places) and contributed dramatically to the growth of civilizations. 

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