SAT II World History : Rise of Russia

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Other European History From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

What city is Russian Emperor Peter the Great famous for founding?

Possible Answers:

Kiev

Odessa

St. Petersburg

Moscow

Novgorod

Correct answer:

St. Petersburg

Explanation:

St. Petersburg was founded in 1703 as a major port city and capital for the Russian Empire. Its name was later changed to Leningrad with the rise of the Soviet Union in the twentieth century.

Example Question #2 : Other European History From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

The Crimean War was largely started over a conflict between

Possible Answers:

France and Russia over naval battles in the Black Sea.

Great Britain and the Ottoman Empire over access to Mediterranean trading ports.

France and the Ottoman Empire over access to the Holy Land for Catholic Christians.

Great Britain and Russia over naval trading routes in the Baltic Sea.

Russia and the Ottoman Empire about access to the Holy Land for Orthodox Christians.

Correct answer:

Russia and the Ottoman Empire about access to the Holy Land for Orthodox Christians.

Explanation:

Under Napoleon III, France and the Ottoman Empire made a special agreement, part of which allowed Catholics, particularly French Catholics, free access to the parts of the Holy Land around Jerusalem controlled by the Ottomans. Russia objected to the exclusion of Orthodox Christians by the Ottomans, and in due course the Ottomans reversed course. The open conflict erupted in 1854 and saw the Russian Empire take on an Allied force of British, French, and Ottoman troops. The result was a decisive Allied victory.

Example Question #2 : Other European History From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

The Crimean War was primarily contested between __________.

Possible Answers:

Russia, Japan, and China 

Britain, France, and Russia 

Britain, France, and the Ottomans

Britain and China

Russia and Japan

Correct answer:

Britain, France, and Russia 

Explanation:

The Crimean War was fought in the 1850s between the French and British on one side and the Russians on the other. The British and French had long feared Russian expansion into the Mediterranean, and when Russia attacked the Ottoman Empire, British and French foreign policy necessitated a declaration of war. The war ended in victory for the British and French forces. The Crimean War is also notable for the work of Florence Nightingale and the subsequent changes in medical practice brought about by her efforts.

Example Question #4 : Other European History From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

During the mid-nineteenth century, the British policy of containment was primarily aimed at __________.

Possible Answers:

None of the other answer choices is correct.

Isolating the Indian population from international support

Preventing British colonies from gaining independence

Limiting the expansion of the Russian Empire 

Ensuring complete British control of Chinese ports

Correct answer:

Limiting the expansion of the Russian Empire 

Explanation:

During the nineteenth century, following the Napoleonic Wars, British foreign policy became much less focused on competition with France and the other Western European nations, and much more concerned with limiting the expansion of the Russian empire. The British and French feared the growth of Russian influence in the Middle East and the Mediterranean and so sought to sure up the failing Ottoman Empire. The most notable incident derived from the British policy of containment was the Crimean War, fought between France and Britain on one side and Russia on the other.

Example Question #5 : Other European History From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

What is the name of the Russian ruling family who replaced the Rurik Dynasty in 1613? 

Possible Answers:

The Tsarinas

The Hapsburgs

The Czaristas

The Romanovs

The Burgundians

Correct answer:

The Romanovs

Explanation:

The Rurik family ruled over Russia from its inception in the ninth century until 1613 when they were replaced by the Romanov family. The Romanovs ruled from 1613 until they were ousted from power during the Russian Revolution of 1917. Notable Romanovs include Catherine the Great, Peter the Great, Alexander I and II, and Nicholas I. 

Example Question #6 : Other European History From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

In feudal Russian society, boyars were __________.

Possible Answers:

high-ranking Russian aristocrats

knights who fought for the aristocracy 

peasants who worked the fields

knights who fought only for the King 

secret police who prevented rebellion and dissention

Correct answer:

high-ranking Russian aristocrats

Explanation:

The boyars were the highest ranking aristocrats in feudal Russian society. Their power came from the tracts of land and the number of men they controlled. Because they controlled vast private armies they were very important to the ruler of Russia who had to keep the boyars on his side. 

Example Question #1 : Rise Of Russia

Ivan the Great expanded the power of Moscow by defeating __________ and __________.

Possible Answers:

The Duchy of Lithuania . . . Ottoman Empire 

The Polish Kingdom . . . The Republic of Novgorod

The Polish Kingdom . . . The British Empire 

The Republic of Novgorod . . . The British Empire 

The Republic of Novgorod . . . the Mongolian Horde

Correct answer:

The Republic of Novgorod . . . the Mongolian Horde

Explanation:

When Ivan III of Russia, usually called Ivan the Great, came to power, Russia was little more than Moscow and the surrounding territory. He dramatically increased the size of the country, first by conquering the Republic of Novgorod and then by kicking the Mongolian rulers out of Russian land. 

Example Question #8 : Other European History From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

The Time of Troubles in Russia saw the emergence of the __________ family as rulers of the country. 

Possible Answers:

Hapsburg 

Rurik 

Bourbon 

Valois 

Romanov

Correct answer:

Romanov

Explanation:

The Rurik family had previously ruled Russia for hundreds of years, but during the Time of Troubles (1598–1613) the family collapsed and was replaced by the Romanov family. The Romanovs would rule until the end of the Russian monarchy, which was destroyed by the Russian Revolution in 1917. The Time of Troubles is so-called because it was a period of extreme hardship for the Russian people. The country was occupied by the forces of the Duchy of Lithuania, and the country experienced widespread famine from 1601 until 1603, when a third of the population (two million people) starved to death.

Example Question #9 : Other European History From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

Peter the Great was primarily motivated by which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Reforming the Russian military

Gaining a Russian port city on the Baltic Sea

All of these answers are correct. 

Modernizing and westernizing Russia

Expanding Russian territory

Correct answer:

All of these answers are correct. 

Explanation:

Peter the Great is one of the most significant rulers in Russian history. He was was motivated by the idea of modernizing and reforming Russian society and the Russian army. To this end, he turned to his advisors from Western Europe and eradicated many of the longstanding traditions in Russian society. Peter was also desperate to expand Russian territory, particularly into the Baltic Sea, and he fought the Great Northern War against the Swedish Empire to achieve this. He founded the city of St. Petersburg to serve as a port city on the Baltic, making it the capital of Russia.

Example Question #2 : Rise Of Russia

St. Petersburg was founded to provide __________.

Possible Answers:

a Russian port in the Baltic

a Russian port in the Adriatic 

frontier defense against the Ottomans

a Russian port in the Crimea

frontier defense against the Tatars

Correct answer:

a Russian port in the Baltic

Explanation:

St. Petersburg was founded by the Russian Tsar Peter the Great in the early years of the eighteenth century. It followed Russian victory in the Great Northern War, which was fought to ensure that Russia had access to the Baltic Sea. It was later made the capital of the Russian Empire. During the Soviet period, it was renamed Leningrad, but following the fall of the Soviet Union, it reverted back to St. Petersburg. 

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