SAT II World History : Persian Empire

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #92 : Prehistory To 500 C.E.

Cyrus the Great is an important figure in the identity of which modern nation?

Possible Answers:

Romania 

Iran 

Macedonia 

Korea 

China 

Correct answer:

Iran 

Explanation:

Cyrus the Great is the founder of the great Achaemenid Empire of the ancient and classical Near East (later called the Persian Empire). Cyrus originated from Persis (the modern-day Iranian province of Fars) and as such has played an instrumental role in the development of contemporary Iranian national identity.

Example Question #93 : Prehistory To 500 C.E.

Which of these answer choices best explains what a satrap was in the Persian Empire?

Possible Answers:

a regiment of the army made up of kidnapped Greeks

a road built for military purposes and troop movement

an agricultural community forced to provide half of its grain to the Persian Empire

a governor of a political district

a naval vessel used to blockade enemy ports

Correct answer:

a governor of a political district

Explanation:

The ancient Persian Empire was vast, and administering the wide territory and diverse population required a unique administrative system. The Persian Emperors created satraps, or governors, to rule a political district on behalf of the emperor.

Example Question #94 : Prehistory To 500 C.E.

Cyrus the Great, Darius I, and Xerxes were all rulers of which ancient empire?

Possible Answers:

The Hittite Empire

The Sumerian Empire

The Persian Empire

The Babylonian Empire

The Egyptian Empire

Correct answer:

The Persian Empire

Explanation:

The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great when he conquered the rival Medes and established the Achaemenid Dynasty. Darius I dramatically expanded Persian territory and invaded mainland Europe. Xerxes was repelled by Greek forces at the Battle of Salamis.

Example Question #1 : Persian Empire

The Ancient Persian Empire was centered in which modern-day country?

Possible Answers:

Morocco

Turkey

Iran

Egypt

Afghanistan

Correct answer:

Iran

Explanation:

The Persian Empire was the most powerful in the known world for several generations in the centuries before the rise of Rome. It was based out of modern day Iran and indeed Iran is still called Persia in some languages and by some people. The Persian Empire is sometimes called the Achaemenid Empire.

Example Question #2 : Persian Empire

Which of these empires could not reasonably be described as a "Persian Empire?"

Possible Answers:

Sasanid

Parthian

Seleucid

Ayyubid 

Achaemenid

Correct answer:

Ayyubid 

Explanation:

The term "Persian Empire" is a fairly broad term that refers to many different empires, most of which directly followed on from one another, that were centered in Persia (modern-day Iran). The first "Persian Empire" was probably the Achaemenid Empire that began in the year 550 C.E. with the conquests of Cyrus the Great. The Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanid Empires are all other examples of "Persian Empires." The Ayyubid's however were a Kurdish dynasty formed by Saladin and centered in modern-day Egypt.

Example Question #3 : Persian Empire

The fall of the Sasanid Empire was a direct result of _____________.

Possible Answers:

the rise of Christianity

the rise of Islam

the subversive efforts of the Mughal rulers

the growing power of the Byzantine Empire

the influence of Mongolian hordes

Correct answer:

the rise of Islam

Explanation:

The Sasanid Empire, also called the Sassanian Empire, was the last dynasty of the Persian Empire. It collapsed in an incredibly brief period, less than a decade, in the seventh century as it was overtaken by the rise of Islam and invading Caliphates.

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