SAT II World History : Other Southwest Asian History from 1500 C.E. to 1900 C.E.

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #9 : Southwest Asia

The country of Afghanistan was a __________ colony during the nineteenth century. 

Possible Answers:

Ottoman

Russian

Chinese

British

French

Correct answer:

British

Explanation:

Afghanistan was conquered by the British in the nineteenth century, but due to its mountainous terrain and established history of guerrilla warfare against invading people, the British found it very difficult to hold the territory. It was an experience and challenge that would be repeated by the Russians and the Americans in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.

Example Question #1 : Other Southwest Asian History From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

Which of these Empires was commonly referred to as "the sickman of Europe" by the end of the ninteenth century? 

Possible Answers:

The Ottoman Empire

The Greek Empire

The Polish Empire

The Seljuk Empire

The Byzantine Empire

Correct answer:

The Ottoman Empire

Explanation:

The Ottoman Empire was the dominant empire of the Middle East and North Africa for much of the Early Modern and Enlightenment period, but by the middle of the ninteenth century the influence of the Ottoman Empire had declined significantly. Many of the Balkan countries declared independence in the last few decades of the century, including Greece, and the Ottoman Empire was being propped up by the French and the British, who wanted to use the declining force as a buffer against Russian expansionist goals.

Example Question #1 : Other Southwest Asian History From 1500 C.E. To 1900 C.E.

The so-called "Auspicious Incident" involved the rebellion of which part of Ottoman society in the nineteenth century?

Possible Answers:

The Sipahis

The Barbary Pirates

The Sepoys

The Keshiks

The Janissaries

Correct answer:

The Janissaries

Explanation:

The "Auspicious Incident" occurred in the Ottoman Empire in 1826. It involved the rebellion of certain members of the Ottoman military called Janissaries. The rebellion was put down brutally, and the Ottoman Empire disbanded all of the Janissaries, replacing them with more modern regiments. It is likely you did not know this answer, but you should have been able to guess based on a knowledge of what "Janissaries" were within the Ottoman Empire. Janissaries were young Christian boys, often kidnapped during Ottoman wars, and trained to serve their lives in the Ottoman military. The Ottomans employed Janissaries in many battles throughout this time period.

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