SAT II World History : Other Renaissance History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #37 : The Renaissance

Who wrote The Divine Comedy?

Possible Answers:

Petrarch

Voltaire

Machiavelli

Socrates

Dante

Correct answer:

Dante

Explanation:

The Divine Comedy was written by the famous Italian writer Dante in the fourteenth century. It tells the tale of the salvation of the human soul and was wildly popular as it was written in the vernacular language. 

Example Question #38 : The Renaissance

Secularism, which emerged during the Renaissance period, is the belief that __________.

Possible Answers:

art and artistic pursuits are the highest achievements and goals of mankind

common language is the root of nationality

None of the other answers is correct.

political power is for the immoral and amoral

political and religious life ought to be separated

Correct answer:

political and religious life ought to be separated

Explanation:

Secularism emerged as a political and social philosophy in the Renaissance period of European history and grew in influence during the Enlightenment and Industrial eras. It advocates primarily for the separation of the political and the religious (for example, no laws based on religious codes, etc.). It also contends that life on Earth is "more important" than the afterlife and that all religious beliefs should be tolerated, although these tenets of secularism were added by degrees as the centuries went by.

Example Question #39 : The Renaissance

Dante's Divine Comedy and Chaucer's Canterbury Tales are both important for accomplishing which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Reaffirming the power of the Catholic church during the early Protestant Reformation

Challenging the influence of the Catholic church in the years before the Protestant Reformation

Spreading the ideas of secularism in early Renaissance Europe

Popularizing vernacular languages in early Renaissance Europe

Undermining the humanist nature of the Renaissance

Correct answer:

Popularizing vernacular languages in early Renaissance Europe

Explanation:

These works of Dante and Chaucer were both written in the vernacular languages of the countries they lived in. Vernacular means locally spoken, as opposed to how most work was published in this time period, in Latin. Dante and Chaucer helped accelerate the movement away from the elite language of Latin towards the popular languages of English, Italian, French, and so on. 

Example Question #1 : Other Renaissance History

Who is often referred to as the "Father of Humanism and the Renaissance"?

Possible Answers:

Voltaire

Thomas More

Dante

Socrates

Petrarch

Correct answer:

Petrarch

Explanation:

Petrarch was an Italian poet in the fourteenth century. He is often described by historians as the father of humanism and the father of the Renaissance.

Example Question #2 : Other Renaissance History

The rising wealth of towns and the growth of the urban middle class led most directly to the decline of which of these in Europe?

Possible Answers:

The Enlightenment

The Catholic Church

The feudal system

Representative democracy

Monarchies and absolute rulers

Correct answer:

The feudal system

Explanation:

The feudal system had prevailed in Europe since the fall of the Roman empire. In the feudal system, a lord owns a large tract of land, and he provides grants of land to peasants or “serfs" who work the land and live on the land. The serfs provide food and resources to the lord; in exchange, he protects them with a hired army and/or fortification. The rising wealth of towns and the growth of the urban middle class during the Renaissance and Enlightenment periods gradually eroded the feudal system and strengthened the power of monarchies and parliaments across Europe. A new era of absolute monarchy dawned, and was itself slowly (in some cases very quickly) replaced by constitutional monarchy and republicanism.

Example Question #3 : Other Renaissance History

The Courtier, written by Castiglione, describes __________.

Possible Answers:

how to establish a utopian society

the life and writings of Petrarch

the history of the "Dark Ages"

the ideal Renaissance man

the virtuous nature of human beings

Correct answer:

the ideal Renaissance man

Explanation:

The Courtier is an important literary work of the Italian Renaissance. It was written by Baldassare Castiglione in the early sixteenth century. In the book, Castiglione describes the ideal Renaissance Man: how he should be artistic, athletic, scientifically-minded, etc. 

Example Question #4 : Other Renaissance History

In Praise of Folly is one the most celebrated works of which Northern-Renaissance writer?

Possible Answers:

Petrarch

Erasmus

Jan van Eyck

Thomas More

Albrecht Durer

Correct answer:

Erasmus

Explanation:

Erasmus is one of the most celebrated writers of the Nothern-Renaissance movement. His most famous work, In Praise of Folly, was written in the early sixteenth century and is essentially a satirical work, in which "folly" praises itself. It was meant as an attack on the abuses of the clergy within the Catholic Church and was widely influential at the time. 

Example Question #5 : Other Renaissance History

Miguel de Cervantes is most famous for writing __________.

Possible Answers:

The Natural Rights of Man

Paradiso

Inferno

The Canterbury Tales

Don Quixote

Correct answer:

Don Quixote

Explanation:

Miguel de Cervantes was a Spanish writer during the Renaissance. He published his most famous work, Don Quixote, in the early seventeenth century. It is one of the most famous novels of all time, and its influence on the Spanish language and Spanish culture is unparalleled. 

Example Question #6 : Other Renaissance History

This philosophy was centered around the study of classical writings and emphasized the inherent potential of human-beings. 

Possible Answers:

Socialism

Humanism

Classicism

Calvinism

Dogmatism

Correct answer:

Humanism

Explanation:

Humanism arose in the early part of the Renaissance period. It was based on the study of classical writings, and the early humanists revered the Greek philosophers like Aristotle and Plato. Humanism emphasized the inherent ability of people to reason, to think critically, and to examine phenomena via evidence.

Example Question #7 : Other Renaissance History

Which of these answers best describes a "Renaissance Man?"

Possible Answers:

An individual who studies classical texts and can speak multiple languages.

An individual who dedicates his life to the pursuit of artistic perfection.

An individual who is willing to die for his country and places national pride above all else.

An individual who is loyal to both the Pope and the King.

An individual who is accomplished in both the artistic and the scientific field.

Correct answer:

An individual who is accomplished in both the artistic and the scientific field.

Explanation:

A "Renaissance Man" is an individual who is dedicated both to the sciences and to the arts. Indeed, to a Renaissance Man the distinction between science and art would be wholly unclear. They used science to understand how to produce better works of art. The classic example of a Renaissance Man is Leonardo da Vinci. He was a consumate artist, but also an inventor and a theorist. 

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