SAT II World History : Other European History Prior to 500 C.E.

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #74 : Prehistory To 500 C.E.

For what purpose was Hadrian's Wall built?

Possible Answers:

To protect the city of Rome from barbarian invasion

To guard Iberian Rome from Moorish invasion

To protect Roman England from the Celtic barbarians to the North

To protect Athens from Persian invasion

To protect Athens from Spartan invasion

Correct answer:

To protect Roman England from the Celtic barbarians to the North

Explanation:

Hadrian's Wall was built by the Emperor Hadrian in 122 CE to protect the Roman English territory from the raiding parties of the Celtic barbarians to the North in modern-day Scotland. 

Example Question #1 : Other European History Prior To 500 C.E.

The Minoan and Mycenaeans are generally considered as the two most important precursors to __________.

Possible Answers:

the ancient Greek civilization

the ancient Iceni civilization

the ancient Roman civilization

the ancient Egyptian civilization

the ancient Nordic civilization

Correct answer:

the ancient Greek civilization

Explanation:

The Minoans lived on the island of Crete and were established traders and colonizers. The height of their civilization was between 3,000 and 2,000 BCE. They are thought to have settled in Greece and contributed to the rise of Greek culture. The Mycenaeans were people who lived in Greece from about 1,500 BCE to 1,000 BCE. They laid the foundations of the ancient Greek language and it is their culture that is described in Homer's Iliad.

Example Question #76 : Prehistory To 500 C.E.

Alaric the Visigoth is most famous for __________.

Possible Answers:

sacking the city of Rome

defending Central Europe from the Huns

invading and capturing the British Isles for the Germanic people

sacking the city of Constantinople

defending Europe from Muslim invasion

Correct answer:

sacking the city of Rome

Explanation:

Alaric the Visigoth was the leader of the Germanic "barbarian" people called the Visigoths. He is most famous for sacking Rome in 410 CE. This was a very crucial event in the fall of Rome. It was the first time the city had been sacked since Rome had become an empire, and it would be sacked twice more in the next century by the Vandals and the Ostrogoths.

Example Question #2 : Other European History Prior To 500 C.E.

The Phoenecian people were led to North Africa to establish the Carthaginian civilization by which famous ruler? 

Possible Answers:

Tyre

Scipio Africanus

Sidon

Dido

Hannibal

Correct answer:

Dido

Explanation:

The Carthaginian Empire arose in the 8th century B.C.E. when the Phoencian Queen Dido led a group of her people to North Africa to found a new settlement. The settlement quickly grew, absorbing Berber people along the way, and became the civilization of Carthage. Hannibal was the Carthaginian general who led an army of elephants over the Alps to attack the Roman Empire and defeated them on the battlefield. Famously he balked at sacking the city of Rome and allowed the Romans to recover, a decision that would eventually lead to his personal downfall and the downfall of his civilization. 

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