SAT II World History : Other European History from 500 C.E. to 1500 C.E.

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Other European History From 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

The English monastery of Lindisfarne’s sack in 793 CE is notable for being

Possible Answers:

the final point in the Anglo-Saxon conquest.

the start of the Norman Invasion of England.

the collapse of Catholicism throughout England.

the first Viking excursion into Britain.

the final defeat of Viking power in England.

Correct answer:

the first Viking excursion into Britain.

Explanation:

The monastery at Lindisfarne in Northeast England was a center of learning and scholarship in the Anglo-Saxon period. In 793, a Viking raid destroyed the entire monastery, killing most of the monks and ruining many of the books held there. The sack of Lindisfarne is commonly regarded as the start of Viking raids in Northern Europe.

Example Question #35 : Europe

The Battle of Hastings ended with __________.

Possible Answers:

Norman control of France

Saxon control of Britain

Viking control of Britain

Norman control of Britain

Viking control of France

Correct answer:

Norman control of Britain

Explanation:

The Battle of Hastings (1066) pitted the Saxon King Harold against the Norman invader William the Conqueror. It ended with the death of Harold and William controlling the territory of England. It was a turning point moment in British history and is considered the last succesful invasion of Britain by a foreign power. 

Example Question #3 : Other European History From 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

El Cid is considered a national hero of __________.

Possible Answers:

Greece

Turkey

France

Spain

Portugal

Correct answer:

Spain

Explanation:

El Cid was a military commander in Spain during the eleventh century. He is most famous in Castille for fighting against the Moors (the Islamic people who lived in Spain at the time). 

Example Question #1 : Other European History From 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

The Code of Justinian was an important legal system in which empire? 

Possible Answers:

The Hunnic Empire

The Frankish Empire

The Nubian Empire

The Parthian Empire

The Byzantine Empire

Correct answer:

The Byzantine Empire

Explanation:

The Code of Justinian was issued by an Eastern Roman Emperor called Justinian I in the sixth century CE. The Eastern Roman Empire is also called the Byzantime Empire (with its capital called Byzantium or Constantinople and then later, after conquest by the Ottomans, Istanbul). It is considered one of the most important legal documents in history. It provided certain freedoms to the poor and protections to slaves. It also made Christianity the only legal and official religion of the Byzantine Empire.

Example Question #5 : Other European History From 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

All of the following statements about the Black Death (or bubonic plague) are true except _____________.

Possible Answers:

it decimated populations in the early fourteenth century

it only affected Europe

it helped laborers demand better treatment

it helped inspire literary works like Boccaccio's Decameron

it was spread, in part, by merchants

Correct answer:

it only affected Europe

Explanation:

The Black Death devastated populations in parts of the world connected by trade in the fourteenth century-Africa, Asia, and Europe. Italy and China were particularly hard hit. The Black Death, however, helped end serfdom in parts of Europe (although not in Russia) and inspired works of literature, like Boccaccio's Decameron (1353). 

Example Question #2 : Other European History From 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

Which event launched the European Age of Exploration?

Possible Answers:

Portuguese capture of Ceuta

The Portuguese reaching the southern tip of Africa

The Portuguese circumnavigation of Africa to sail to India

Columbus' "discovery" of the Americas

The Crusades

Correct answer:

Portuguese capture of Ceuta

Explanation:

The Portuguese capture of Ceuta (a port city in Morocco) in 1415 began the age of exploration as the Portuguese from this point began overseas exploration to the south and west, and were the first Europeans since the Vikings to do this. The Crusades occurred long before this, and simply led to increased European contact and interest in overseas lands, which eventually led to the age of exploration. Columbus' "discovery" of the Americas and the Portuguese reaching and circumnavigating southern Africa all occurred decades after the capture of Ceuta, once the age of exploration was well underway.

Example Question #3 : Other European History From 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

The Black Death had which of the following effects on Europe?

Possible Answers:

It caused the collapse of the Roman empire

It led medieval scholars to develop the germ theory of disease by studying the spread and effects of the plague

It contributed to the collapse of feudalism

It allowed the Arabs, Vikings, and Magyars to invade Europe

None of these

Correct answer:

It contributed to the collapse of feudalism

Explanation:

The Black Death of the mid 14th century killed so many Europeans that it caused a labor shortage, allowing peasants and urban workers to demand greater economic rights and freedoms in exchange for their labors, leading to the end of serfdom in western Europe and the erosion of medieval feudalism. The collapse of the Roman empire and the invasions of Europe by the Arabs, Vikings, and Magyars were all events that occurred centuries before the Black Death. Europeans would not develop the germ theory of disease until the 19th century, centuries after the Black Death.

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