SAT II World History : Other Asian History from 1900 C.E. to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Other Asian History From 1900 C.E. To Present

The Cultural Revolution in China largely targeted all of the following groups EXCEPT

Possible Answers:

rural farmers.

intellectuals.

cultural minorities.

religious believers.

Confucianism.

Correct answer:

rural farmers.

Explanation:

The Cultural Revolution was instituted in 1966 by Supreme Leader Mao Zedong, to make China modern, Communist, and unified. This took multiple forms, but particularly targeted the perceived "enemies" of the Chinese state, especially intellectuals, anyone demonstrating traditional culture, ethnic minorities, and those who voiced opposition. One of the notable methods of achieving the Cultural Revolution was to force young students to work in rural farms so they would know what it was like to participate in agrarian labor. The Cultural Revolution lasted until 1971, and caused widespread changes in Chinese society.

Example Question #2 : Other Asian History From 1900 C.E. To Present

From which support base did Mao Zedong draw his greatest power?

Possible Answers:

Merchants 

Peasants 

Bankers 

Army 

Workers 

Correct answer:

Peasants 

Explanation:

Mao Zedong was the leader of the Chinese Communist Party and the founder of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. Mao drew much of his support from the peasantry, something of a curiosity amongst Communist movements, as usually the greatest Communist support base is the industrial working class.

Example Question #3 : Other Asian History From 1900 C.E. To Present

Between the two World Wars, the civil war in China was fought between __________.

Possible Answers:

the Nationalists and the Communists 

the Imperialists and the Communists

the Nationalists and the Republicans

the Imperialists and the Boxers 

the Imperialists and the Nationalists

Correct answer:

the Nationalists and the Communists 

Explanation:

The Chinese Civil War was fought between the Communists, lead by Mao Zedong, and the Nationalists, lead by Chiang Kai-Shek. The Communists were eventually triumphant and the People’s Republic of China was created in 1949 to consolidate their victory. The Nationalists were left in control of the island of Taiwan. The Civil War took a terrible toll on the Chinese population and contributed to China’s complete inability to resist Japanese imperialism in the years building up to and during World War Two.

Example Question #4 : Other Asian History From 1900 C.E. To Present

Chiang Kai-Shek __________.

Possible Answers:

was the leader of the Chinese Communist Party

served as Premier of China in the 1980s

died in the Boxer Rebellion

died in the Rape of Nanking

was the leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party

Correct answer:

was the leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party

Explanation:

Chiang Kai-Shek was a Chinese political and military leader who led the Chinese Nationalist Party and the Republic of China (in Taiwan) during the years of civil war, Japanese occupation, and the rise of Chairman Mao and Chinese Communism. His organization was the primary opposition to Mao and Communism in China, but they were eventually defeated and banished to Taiwan in the Chinese Civil War. 

Example Question #5 : Other Asian History From 1900 C.E. To Present

Mao Zedong’s Cultural Revolution began in the  ________.

Possible Answers:

1970s

1880s

1960s

1940s

1930s

Correct answer:

1960s

Explanation:

The Chinese Cultural Revolution began in 1966 and lasted for approximately ten years. Its stated goal was to forcibly implement Communism throughout China by removing all capitalist, traditional, cultural and intellectual elements from Chinese society. During the Cultural Revolution Mao’s personality cult reached unparalleled levels, as state propaganda urged the rural youth to engage in violent class struggle with the bourgeoisie. An unknown number of people (speculations range from hundreds of thousands to tens of millions) were either tortured, killed, raped, or else effectively starved to death - many millions more were forcibly displaced in a movement that completely wrecked China’s already fragile economy. 

Example Question #6 : Other Asian History From 1900 C.E. To Present

In 1949, Communists led by Mao Zedong defeated which of the following to take over China?

Possible Answers:

The Nationalists

The Japanese

The Qing Dynasty

The Ming Dynasty

None of these

Correct answer:

The Nationalists

Explanation:

The Communists led by Mao Zedong overthrew the Nationalist regime in 1949, ending the Chinese Civil War (part of the international Cold War), and starting Communist rule under Mao. The Japanese had already been defeated and driven from China in 1945 with the end of World War II (the Nationalist-Communist civil war resumed shortly after this). The Qing dynasty, the last imperial Chinese dynasty, had already been overthrown in 1912. The Ming dynasty had immediately preceded it, and had been overthrown in 1644.

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