SAT II World History : Other Age of Exploration History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Other Age Of Exploration History

Spain and Portugal divided up much of their newly found territory in 1492 with __________

Possible Answers:

The War of Spanish Succession

The Treaty of Lisbon

The War of Austrian Succession

The Treaty of Tordesillas

The Treaty of Versailles

Correct answer:

The Treaty of Tordesillas

Explanation:

The Treaty of Tordesillas was drawn up in 1492 between the Spanish and the Portuguese and signed by the Pope. It basically divided up the whole world, but especially the American hemisphere, into spheres of Spanish and Portuguese influence in an attempt to prevent future conflict.

Example Question #2 : Other Age Of Exploration History

John Cabot is notable for which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Being the first European to make contact with the Incan people of South America

Discovering a passage through the Great Lakes to the interior of the North American continent

Being the first European to set foot on the North American mainland since the Vikings

Spreading the Christian religion to the Native American people of the modern-day Northeastern United States

Being the first European to make contact with the Aztec people of Mesoamerica

Correct answer:

Being the first European to set foot on the North American mainland since the Vikings

Explanation:

John Cabot was an Italian explorer who sailed for North America under the sponsorship of King Henry VII of England in 1497. He is credited as being the first European to set foot on the mainland of the North American continent, although most historians believe that the Vikings had previously done so in the eleventh century. 

Example Question #3 : Other Age Of Exploration History

Which of these countries was the most successful and significant in the first wave of European exploration? 

Possible Answers:

Spain

Holland

England

France

Portugal

Correct answer:

Portugal

Explanation:

Although all of these countries would be significant throughout the period of European exploration and colonialism, it was the Portuguese who had the most early success. Portugal established colonies on the Atlantic coast of Brazil, and was the first to travel around Africa, the first to reach India, and the first to reach the Far East.

Example Question #4 : Other Age Of Exploration History

After victory over France in the Seven Years' War, Britain gained control of much of North America. In which of the following areas did Britain also take control of territory in the post-war treaty?

Possible Answers:

India

South Africa

France

Mexico

China

Correct answer:

India

Explanation:

The Seven Years' War, often called the French and Indian War, was fought between France and Britain between 1756 and 1763. Due to the global nature of the two countries' empires, the war was fought around the world and resulted in numerous territories being exchanged between the two world powers. In the treaty that ended the war, Britain gained control of French holdings in North America and also in the Indian subcontinent.

Example Question #5 : Other Age Of Exploration History

Which of these countries was not a major player in the age of exploration and colonialism?

Possible Answers:

The Netherlands

France

Germany

Britain

Portugal

Correct answer:

Germany

Explanation:

The six major players in the age of European exploration were France, Britain, the Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, and Sweden. Germany, which was not a unified country until the 1870s, was not a major player in the age of exploration.

Example Question #6 : Other Age Of Exploration History

In 1487, the Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias __________.

Possible Answers:

attempted to navigate the Hudson River

established a colony in St. Kitts

was executed by the the native population of an island in the West Indies

reached the Korean peninsula

rounded the Cape of Good Hope

Correct answer:

rounded the Cape of Good Hope

Explanation:

Bartolomeu Dias rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1487. The Cape of Good Hope is the southernmost tip of the African continent, and traversing it was vital to connecting Portugal with the lucrative trade it would soon develop with India and the Far East.

Example Question #7 : Other Age Of Exploration History

The discovery and mapping of the St. Lawrence River by Jacques Cartier eventually led to the territory of __________ falling under __________ control.

Possible Answers:

Mexico . . . Spanish 

Brazil . . . Portuguese

Canada . . . French

Colombia . . . Spanish 

America . . . British 

Correct answer:

Canada . . . French

Explanation:

Jacques Cartier was a French explorer and navigator who discovered the St. Lawrence River and claimed the surrounding territory, which would later come to be called Canada, for the French Empire. Like many early European explorers, Cartier thought he had found a passage through the continent to Asia, but like all other explorers of this time period, he was disappointed. 

Example Question #8 : Other Age Of Exploration History

The American land mass is named after the explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci because he __________.

Possible Answers:

was the first European to set foot on mainland South America

was the first European to demonstrate that the land mass was not the Eastern shore of Asia, but rather a separate continent

was the first European to write extensively about his experiences the New World, prompting the continent to take on his name in colloquial usage before being made official about a century later

was the first European to set foot on mainland North America

goverened the first Spanish colony in the New World 

Correct answer:

was the first European to demonstrate that the land mass was not the Eastern shore of Asia, but rather a separate continent

Explanation:

Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian explorer and navigator who first understood and demonstrated that the American landmass was not actually part of East Asia, but was instead a separate and distinct landmass. He also made one of the first maps of the New World (rudimentary as it is) and for these achievements had two continents named after him.

Example Question #9 : Other Age Of Exploration History

Cartography is __________

Possible Answers:

the study of optical devices 

the study of ship-building 

practice of executing all suspected pirates practiced by the Spanish and Portuguese

the science of map making 

the study of the stars for the purpose of navigating ships 

Correct answer:

the science of map making 

Explanation:

Cartography refers to the science of map making, which grew in prominence in the early Age of Exploration as the Spanish and Portuguese explorers (followed later by the Italians, Dutch, French, and English) were discovering new lands (to the Europeans) and thus greatly expanding the size of the known world in Europe and Asia.

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