SAT II World History : North and South America Prior to 500 C.E.

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : North And South America Prior To 500 C.E.

The Hopewell Native Americans are most well known for which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Their dwellings

Their works of literature

Their burial mounds

Their pottery

Their weapons

Correct answer:

Their burial mounds

Explanation:

The Hopewell people lived in modern-day Midwest United States. They are most famous for their burial mounds that exist to this day.

Example Question #2 : North And South America Prior To 500 C.E.

Which of the following native people of the Americas are famous for their system of calendars based on their deep knowledge of astronomy?

Possible Answers:

The Shoshone

The Inca

The Maya

The Pueblo

The Olmec

Correct answer:

The Maya

Explanation:

The Maya had a very profound understanding of astronomy, the movement of the stars, and the passage of time. Their calendars went back to 3000 B.C.E. and were much more accurate than any other calendars on Earth during the height of Maya civilization. Their calendar is known today as "the Long Count calendar."

Example Question #3 : North And South America Prior To 500 C.E.

Which of the following groups are indigenous people who have inhabited the tundra of North America since at least 3000 B.C.E.?

Possible Answers:

The Shoshone

The Iroquois

The Pueblo

The Sioux

The Inuit

Correct answer:

The Inuit

Explanation:

The Inuit people (often popularly called "Eskimos") have inhabited the Arctic tundra since at least 3000 B.C.E. Their society was based around hunting caribou and seals, and they survive in the very coldest regions of North America to this day.

Example Question #4 : North And South America Prior To 500 C.E.

Which of these is the earliest known Mesoamerican civilization? 

Possible Answers:

The Maya

The Olmecs

The Nazcas

The Aztecs

The Incas

Correct answer:

The Olmecs

Explanation:

The earliest known civilization in Mesoamerica is the Olmec Empire. The Olmec Empire emerged approximately 1500 BCE and lasted as an empire until approximately 400 BCE. The Olmec people are known for their unique art and architecture.

Example Question #5 : North And South America Prior To 500 C.E.

Tehuacan was an early agricultural community in which moden-day country?

Possible Answers:

Costa Rica

Brazil

Mexico

Colombia

United States of America

Correct answer:

Mexico

Explanation:

The Agricultural Revolution took place in Mesoamerica around 5,000 B.C.E. The earliest known agricultural site in the Americas is at Tehuacan in modern-day Mexico. Even if you did not know the answer to this question you could have reasonably inferred from the similarities between Tehuacan and Teotihuacan (a well-known Aztec community). 

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