SAT II World History : Mythologies

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Mythologies

The European city reputed to be founded by twins in 753 BCE is

Possible Answers:

Athens.

Byzantium.

Sparta.

London.

Rome.

Correct answer:

Rome.

Explanation:

According to Roman legend, the city of Rome was founded by twins Romulus and Remus in 753 BCE. This date would become extremely important as Rome established an empire over the entire Mediterranean, as they dated their years from this event, using the phrase "Ab Urbe Condita," or "from the founding of the city." This form of dating was the preferred usage in Europe until Christianity became dominant in the fifth century.

Example Question #38 : Europe

What is the Roman name for the god the Greeks called Zeus?

Possible Answers:

Saturn

Jupiter

Neptune

Uranus

Venus

Correct answer:

Jupiter

Explanation:

The Roman pantheon of gods was very similar to the Greek pantheon of gods. The Roman equivalent of Zeus, the head god in the Greek religion, was Jupiter.

Example Question #39 : Europe

In Roman mythology, the two boys Romulus and Remus are __________.

Possible Answers:

central to the foundation of Rome

None of the other answer choices are correct; Romulus and Remus were two figures in Greek mythology.

expected to return from the grave and usher in a golden era of Roman civilization

killed by their father, inspiring their mother to lead a rebellion

understood as lesser deities who protect all Roman citizens from famine and starvation

Correct answer:

central to the foundation of Rome

Explanation:

According to mythology, Romulus and Remus are two brothers who are raised by wolves in the wild. When they return to human society, they compete to found a city, and in the protracted disagreement, Romulus kills Remus and founds the city of Rome.

Example Question #40 : Europe

Achilles is a hero in ancient __________ mythology.

Possible Answers:

Celtic

Aztec

Greek

Nordic

Egyptian

Correct answer:

Greek

Explanation:

The story of Achilles, told famously in Homer's Odyssey and The Iliad, tells the tale of the Greek invasion of Troy and recounts the heroics of the Ancient Greek mythological hero.

Example Question #2 : Mythologies

The Roman pantheon of gods was based on the Greek pantheon of gods. Which of these Roman gods is incorrectly paired with the Greek equivalent? 

Possible Answers:

Venus; Aphrodite

Mercury; Athena

Mars; Ares

Pluto; Hades

Jupiter; Zeus

Correct answer:

Mercury; Athena

Explanation:

As the question explains the Roman pantheon of Gods was based off of the Greek pantheon, but with different names. The head of the gods in Greece is Zeus, but in Roman religious practice his name is Jupiter. The only one of these which is incorrectly matched is Mercury and Athena. Mercury is the Roman equivalent of the Greek god of messengers called Hermes and Athena is the Greek version of the Roman god Minerva. 

Example Question #3 : Mythologies

According to Ancient Greek mythology the twelve chief gods live atop __________

Possible Answers:

Mount Sinai

the Parthenon

the Oracle

Mount Olympus

the Acropolis

Correct answer:

Mount Olympus

Explanation:

In Ancient Greek mythology the twelve primary gods and godesses live atop Mount Olympus. Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece and so a logical choice for a home for Gods in a religion where the gods routinely come down and intefere in the lives of humans. 

Example Question #4 : Mythologies

The famous ancient Greek epics, The Odyssey and The Iliad are attributed to __________.

Possible Answers:

Pericles

Plato

Socrates

Homer

Thuycides

Correct answer:

Homer

Explanation:

The two famous pieces of ancient Greek literature, The Odyssey and The Iliad, are a part of an oral tradition attributed to Homer.

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