SAT II World History : Japanese-Chinese Relations

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #6 : East And Southeast Asia

How did the Opium Wars affect Japanese-Chinese relations? 

Possible Answers:

China's victory over the British scared the Japanese, who began to upgrade their own military in preparation for an invasion.

China's defeat at the hands of the British made much of the Japanese population feel that China was a backwards country that could not defend itself.

China's victory over the British led to a renewed alliance between the two Asian countries.

China's resistance to the British created a sense of kinship between the two Asian countries against the influence of European imperialism.

China's defeat by the British prompted outpourings of sympathy and aid from the Japanese people and government.

Correct answer:

China's defeat at the hands of the British made much of the Japanese population feel that China was a backwards country that could not defend itself.

Explanation:

For much of Chinese and Japanese history, the relations between these two countries have been amicable. China's influence over Japanese culture, language, and customs cannot be overstated; however, in the nineteenth century, things changed. The Chinese were humiliated time and again by Britain and the other European powers, and as the Japanese began to modernize in the Meiji Restoration, they came to look at China as backwards and unable to defend itself.

Example Question #1 : Japanese Chinese Relations

Chinese-Japanese relations suffered after World War Two in large part as a result of __________.

Possible Answers:

the fall of Communism

the Battle of Midway

the Korean War

the death of Sun Tzu

the Rape of Nanking

Correct answer:

the Rape of Nanking

Explanation:

The relations between Japan and China suffered in the years after the Second World War and continue to suffer to this day in large part as a result of atrocities committed by the Japanese during their invasion of China and perceived historical insensitivity on the part of the Japanese. The Rape of Nanking, a weeks-long massacre involving horrible violence and the rape of women that took place in 1937, is the most infamous and offensive of these atrocities.

Example Question #2 : Japanese Chinese Relations

What consequence did the Meiji Restoration in Japan have on Chinese-Japanese relations in the twentieth century? 

Possible Answers:

It created a modernized Japan that viewed China as aggressive and a threat to Japanese sovereignty.

It created a modernized China that viewed Japan as backwards and unable to defend itself.

It created a modernized Japan that viewed China as backwards and unable to defend itself.

It caused Japanese and Chinese society to become more similar and economically integrated.

It caused Japanese and Chinese society to become more similar and focused on tradition and shared cultural heritage, which has largely prevented conflict.

Correct answer:

It created a modernized Japan that viewed China as backwards and unable to defend itself.

Explanation:

The Meiji Restoration is the name given to the modernization and westernization of Japanese society in the second half of the nineteenth century. As a result of Japan's increasing economic and military power combined with China's subjugation by the British and French, the Japanese came to view the Chinese as a backwards nation that was unable to defend itself.

Example Question #3 : Japanese Chinese Relations

Japanese recognition of which East Asian country in the 1950s led to increased animosity between China and Japan?

Possible Answers:

Pakistan

South Korea

Vietnam

Taiwan

North Korea

Correct answer:

Taiwan

Explanation:

During the Chinese Civil War, the Nationalist Party, which wanted to install a democratic government in China, was forced off of the Chinese mainland and eventually installed a Chinese state on the island of Taiwan (sometimes called Chinese Taipei). This led to a situation where the majority of Western countries, and Japan, recognized the government of Taiwan as the only legitimate Chinese government until the 1970s. The communist government of mainland China was considered illegitimate by the United States and Japan during the more fractious years of the early Cold War.

Example Question #2 : Japanese Chinese Relations

In which decade did official trade relations between Japan and China become more relaxed and cordial?

Possible Answers:

The 1990s

The 1980s

The 1970s

The 1940s

The 1950s

Correct answer:

The 1970s

Explanation:

Trade between China and Japan, from the end of the Second World War until the early 1970s, was only conducted in an unofficial, black-market form; however, in 1972 (concurrent with Nixon's visit to China), trade relations between Japan and China were normalized and each country is now one of the largest trading partners of the other.

Example Question #5 : Japanese Chinese Relations

What is the biggest obstacle to cordial and normalized relations between the People's Republic of China and Japan?

Possible Answers:

China's refusal to recognize South Korean sovereignty

China's close relationship with Russia, and previously, the Soviet Union

Japanese atrocities committed during the Second World War

Japan's refusal to recognize North Korean sovereignty

Chinese atrocities committed during the Second World War

Correct answer:

Japanese atrocities committed during the Second World War

Explanation:

Since the end of the Second World War, the biggest obstacle to friendly relations between the People's Republic of China and Japan has been the memory of Japanese wartime atrocities. In particular, the horrific Rape of Nanking stands out as the most divisive of incidents. This situation is exacerbated by frequent Japanese refusals to recognize and apologize for the atrocities committed during the Second World War. In the twenty-first century, these issues have shown some signs of abating as Japan has issued some formal apologies and offered concessions to the Chinese government. Still, the people of each country remain distrustful of the people of the other country.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: