SAT II World History : Inquisitions and Discrimination

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Inquisitions And Discrimination

Ignatius Loylola is most notable for __________

Possible Answers:

assassinating Pope Alexander VI

leading the Spanish Inquisition

being martyred as an Anabaptist

launching the Fifth Crusade

founding the Jesuits

Correct answer:

founding the Jesuits

Explanation:

Ignatius Loyola is most famous for founding the Jesuits. The Jesuits were recognized as a religious institution by the Pope in 1540, and they played a massive role in the Catholic Counter-Reformation. The Jesuits were primarily devoted to education, but they were also involved in the persecution of Protestant populations.

Example Question #32 : Europe

The Edict of Expulsion, which banished all Jews from the Kingdom of Spain, was announced during the reign of __________.

Possible Answers:

Phillip I

Charles V

Ferdinand and Isabella

Charles II

Phillip II

Correct answer:

Ferdinand and Isabella

Explanation:

In the years leading up to the Edict of Expulsion, the Jewish population had faced widespread persecution and forced conversion in Spain. This all came to a head in 1492 when the Spanish monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella issued the Edict of Expulsion, which declared that all Jewish people must leave the Kingdom within a few months or face severe consequences (including death without trial).

Example Question #51 : 500 C.E. To 1500 C.E.

The Spanish Inquisition was motivated by __________.

Possible Answers:

garnering support for the reign of Isabella and Ferdinand

ensuring the supremacy of Catholicism in Spain

Spain's Muslim population

ensuring the supremacy of Protestantism in Spain

ensuring religious toleration of Catholics in Spain

Correct answer:

ensuring the supremacy of Catholicism in Spain

Explanation:

The Spanish Inquisition was launched during the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella to try and ensure the continued supremacy of Catholicism in Spain. It quickly evolved (or devolved) into an institution of torture and intimidation that forced the Jewish and Muslim populations of Spain to convert, flee, or die. 

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