SAT II World History : Industrial Revolution

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Industrial Revolution

The Communist Manifesto was written by __________.

Possible Answers:

Voltaire and John Locke

Karl Marx and Frederich Engels

Thomas Hobbes and Karl Marx

Voltaire and Adam Smith

John Locke and Thomas Hobbes

Correct answer:

Karl Marx and Frederich Engels

Explanation:

All of the individuals mentioned in the answer choices to this question were writers and political thinkers during either the Enlightenment era or the Industrial Revolution. Karl Marx and Frederich Engels wrote The Commnuist Manifesto in 1848. The book is the principle work of communist theory. One form of communism is even called Marxism, and the term also refers to a study of history based on class struggles.

Example Question #2 : Industrial Revolution

James Watt is generally remembered as the inventor of __________.

Possible Answers:

the steam engine

the factory system

the railroad

laissez-faire capitalism

automobiles

Correct answer:

the steam engine

Explanation:

James Watt was a Scottish inventor who helped perfect the Newcomen Steam Engine in the 1770s. Although he did not actually invent the steam engine, he is generally remembered as having done so. His adaptations to the steam engine created the necessary machinery that led to the Industrial Revolution. 

Example Question #3 : Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution arose first in __________.

Possible Answers:

Germany

France

England

Russia

the United States

Correct answer:

England

Explanation:

The Industrial Revolution began in England in the early nineteenth century. Due to England's relative wealth, agricultural prosperity, surplus of workers, colonial holdings, and history of capitalist democracy, the prerequisites for the Industrial Revolution were heavily concentrated there. The Industrial Revolution quickly spread from England around Europe and to North America. 

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