SAT II World History : France, England, and Italy in the Reformation

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : France, England, And Italy In The Reformation

Which king is responsible for establishing the Protestant Anglican Church?

Possible Answers:

Henry VIII

Henry VII

Richard III

Edward V

Edward IV

Correct answer:

Henry VIII

Explanation:

The Protestant Church of England was founded in the sixteenth century by Henry VIII after his divorce from Catherine of Aragon and subsequent marriage to Anne Boleyn.

Example Question #2 : France, England, And Italy In The Reformation

The Edict of Nantes centered around __________.

Possible Answers:

religious toleration for Catholics

economic reform in Paris

religious toleration for Protestants

establishing a constitutional monarchy

parliamentary reform in France

Correct answer:

religious toleration for Protestants

Explanation:

During the Protestant Reformation, France was still a primarily Catholic kingdom ruled by a Catholic king, but the number of French Protestants (called Huguenots) was growing rapidly. In an attempt to encourage secular unity, King Henry IV issued the Edict of Nantes in 1598 to establish some religious toleration of Protestants in France.

Example Question #1 : France, England, And Italy In The Reformation

Which French King issued the Edict of Nantes? 

Possible Answers:

King Louis XVIII

King Henry IV

King Louis XIV

King Henry V

King Louis XVI

Correct answer:

King Henry IV

Explanation:

The Edict of Nantes was issued in 1598 by the French King Henry IV. The purpose of the Edict was to bring to an end the French Wars of Religion and provide religious toleration of Protestants in the French kingdom.

Example Question #4 : France, England, And Italy In The Reformation

In what European town did Martin Luther post his Ninety-Five Theses to a church door in 1517?

Possible Answers:

Wittenberg

Paris

Munster

Amsterdam

Munich

Correct answer:

Wittenberg

Explanation:

The Ninety-Five Theses was posted in All Saints' Church in Wittenberg, Saxony in the Holy Roman Empire. It is credited for starting the Protestant Reformation.

Example Question #2 : France, England, And Italy In The Reformation

The English break from the Catholic Church occurred during the reign of __________.

Possible Answers:

King Henry VIII

Queen Elizabeth I

King Charles I

King James I

Queen Mary I

Correct answer:

King Henry VIII

Explanation:

The Protestant Reformation in England began in earnest in 1535 when King Henry VIII proclaimed himself king and head of the Church of England. The Protestant Reformation in England was motivated less by spiritual concerns and more by the personal desires of Henry and his ministers.

Example Question #3 : France, England, And Italy In The Reformation

This English humanist wrote Utopia and was executed for refusing to recognize Henry VIII's break from the Catholic Church?

Possible Answers:

Sir Walter Raleigh

Thomas Cromwell

Geoffrey Chaucer

Thomas More

Oliver Cromwell

Correct answer:

Thomas More

Explanation:

Utopia was written by Thomas More in the early sixteenth century. It tells the story of a perfect society where everyone is equal, although historians have long disagreed on whether it is meant to be taken literally, satirically, or somewhere in between. More was a longtime friend and advisor to Henry VIII; however, when Henry broke from the Catholic Church, More found that his conscience would not let him follow suit. More chose execution over obedience to the Church of England and is considered a martyr of the Catholic faith. 

Example Question #4 : France, England, And Italy In The Reformation

The Ursulines were formed to __________.

Possible Answers:

undermine the efforts of the Protestant Reformation 

undermine the efforts of the Catholic Counter Reformation 

provide religious education to young girls

provide spititual counsel to the very poor 

provide a safe haven for Luther and other such heretical theologians 

Correct answer:

provide religious education to young girls

Explanation:

The Ursulines were a religious order, formed in the early sixteenth century, that was dedicated to providing religious education to young girls. They were particularly prominent in France. 

Example Question #8 : France, England, And Italy In The Reformation

The Act for the Submission of the Clergy ruled that __________.

Possible Answers:

None of these answers is correct; the Submission of the Clergy took place in the Netherlands

the Catholic faith was heretical within the English Kingdom, and those clergy who remained loyal to Catholicism would be executed 

the English King could sieze Church property for his own purposes 

the English King remained subservient to the laws of God and those of the Pope in Rome 

the Church of England could no longer make laws without the permission of the King of England 

Correct answer:

the Church of England could no longer make laws without the permission of the King of England 

Explanation:

The Act for the Submission of the Clergy was passed in England in 1534, shortly after Henry VIII broke away from the Catholic Church and began the English Reformation. The act was passed to ensure that the clergy understood their new place in Henry's Kingdom—they were unable to pass laws without his assent and were now his subjects, rather than the subjects of the Pope in Rome.

Example Question #9 : France, England, And Italy In The Reformation

Which of these rulers of England in the sixteenth century ruled over a Catholic kingdom for at least part of their reign? 

Possible Answers:

Henry VII and Mary Tudor

Henry VIII, Mary Tudor, and Elizabeth I

Mary Tudor and Elizabeth I

Henry VII, Henry VIII, and Mary Tudor

Only Henry VII

Correct answer:

Henry VII, Henry VIII, and Mary Tudor

Explanation:

At the time of Henry VII's death, England was a Catholic Kingdom and remained so for the first twenty three years of Henry VIII's reign; however, when Henry VIII met with objections from the Pope in 1532 to divorce the Queen Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn, he broke with the Catholic Church and formed the Church of England. Thus began the Protestant Reformation in England. After Henry VIII died, his son, Edward VI, continued the reformation movement. Edward was a sickly king and soon died, however. Mary Tudor took the throne and re-established Catholicism in England. Finally, Elizabeth I took the throne from Mary and permanently established Protestantism and the Church of England as the dominant religion in England. 

Example Question #5 : France, England, And Italy In The Reformation

This French King was the first Bourbon to sit on the French throne and famously converted to Catholicism to ensure the loyalty of the Parisian people.

Possible Answers:

Louis XV

Henry V

Louis XIV

Louis XIII

Henry IV

Correct answer:

Henry IV

Explanation:

In the middle of the sixteenth century, France was embroiled in a bitter civil war between the aristocratic families of Valois, Bourbon, and Guise. The war ended in victory for the Bourbon family and marked the beginning of the reign of Henry IV. Henry famously converted to Catholicism upon claiming the throne in Paris, in order to appease the majority of Parisians, who were Catholic. His famous quote is "France is worth a mass."

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