SAT II World History : European Impact of the Crusades

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : European Impact Of The Crusades

What advantage did the Crusades offer to European kings?

Possible Answers:

offered an influx of wealth and historical treasures from the Holy Land

preserved the peace by ridding their lands of quarrelsome young nobles

All of the other answers are correct.

allowed them an opportunity to demonstrate the ineffectiveness of Protestantism in their domains to the Pope

gave them additional territory in Asia Minor to establish settlements and colonies

Correct answer:

preserved the peace by ridding their lands of quarrelsome young nobles

Explanation:

The kings of Europe, even those unconcerned with the "spiritual gains" to be made through the Crusades, were generally in support of them. That is because the Crusades offered no direct threat to their power and meant that many of the young, quarrelsome nobles, who would otherwise engage themselves in costly wars in Europe, were sent away. 

Example Question #2 : European Impact Of The Crusades

Which of the following negative consequences occurred in Europe as a result of the Crusades?

Possible Answers:

Increased persecution of Protestants

Increased persecution of Jews

Economic stagnation in France, Spain, and the German states

Loss of historical treasures

Decreased wages for the lower classes

Correct answer:

Increased persecution of Jews

Explanation:

The Crusades negatively affected European society because they led directly to an increased persecution of the Jewish population of most European countries. The idea that young Christians should be dying in religious wars to liberate the Holy Land while the "enemies of Christ" continued to live among Christian societies was abhorrent to many, and pogroms and other massacres and persecutions of Jewish people increased in regularity.

Example Question #3 : European Impact Of The Crusades

Which of these European kings was NOT involved in the Third Crusade?

Possible Answers:

Emperor Frederick Barbarossa

Richard the Lionheart

Leopold V of Austria

Each of these kings was involved in the Third Crusade. 

Phillip II of France

Correct answer:

Each of these kings was involved in the Third Crusade. 

Explanation:

The Third Crusade was waged from 1189 to 1192 and was an important part of the centuries-long attempt by Christian Europe to retake the Holy Land of Jerusalem from the Islamic Kingdoms. The Third Crusade was somewhat successful, although it failed in its main goal of retaking Jerusalem. It is sometimes called the "King's Crusade" because it was led by various kings of Europe, including Richard the Lionheart of England, Phillip II of France, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa of Germany, and Leopold V of Austria.

Example Question #4 : European Impact Of The Crusades

Which of these was NOT a notable consequence of the Crusades in Europe?

Possible Answers:

Growth of the power of the church

An increase in religious tolerance

Technological advancement spurred on by increased knowledge acquired from the Islamic world

An increase in trade and the wealth of the Italian city states

Growth of the European middle class

Correct answer:

An increase in religious tolerance

Explanation:

The Crusades led directly to all of these consequences except an increase in religious tolerance in Europe. Rather, the Crusades contributed to a growth of religious intolerance (particularly against Jewish people) in Medieval Europe. The Crusades led to a growth of the European middle class because so many landed nobles and aristocrats perished in the efforts to retake the Holy Land; they left a power vacuum that was filled by the middle class, which had grown wealthy from the increase in trade caused by the same endeavor. The authority of the church also increased as Christendom became somewhat united behind one goal. Finally, technological innovation was encouraged in Europe by the returning knights who brought with them ideas and mathematical theories developed in the Islamic world.

Example Question #5 : European Impact Of The Crusades

On his return from the Holy Land following the Third Crusade, Richard the Lionheart was captured in __________ and held for ransom by __________.

Possible Answers:

Calais . . . his brother John, the King of England 

Vienna . . . the Holy Roman Emperor 

Lyon . . . the King of France 

Prague . . . the Holy Roman Emperor 

Paris . . . the King of France

Correct answer:

Vienna . . . the Holy Roman Emperor 

Explanation:

On his return from the Holy Land, Richard the Lionheart was captured by his longtime rival Henry VI, the Holy Roman Emperor, in the city of Vienna. He was held for ransom by the Emperor which was eventually paid by an extreme tax on the English people. Richard returned to England briefly before departing to fight a series of wars against the French during one of which he was killed.

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